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Bio Leaching

Bio Leaching

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Published by Lunga Dan Patso
Mineral processing
Mineral processing

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Lunga Dan Patso on Jul 09, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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1 |Page 
Task 1
Process summary
 Acid pressure leach slurry from the flash leftdown system of the acid pressure leachis gravity-fed to the first series of five Counter Current Decantation (CCD) thickener tanks. The slurry is washed with neutralised barren solution from the barrensneutralisation circuit. The underflow slurry from the CCD is neutralised with limebefore being discharged to a tailings dam.
The liquid that overflows from the CCDcircuit is stored in a storage pond for nine hours before being forwarded to the partialneutralisation section. The overflow is then neutralised using 50 % lime slurry under aeration oxygenation conditions for the removal of iron, aluminium and other impurities. The overflow from the partial neutralisation unit is forwarded to the mixedsulphide precipitation (MSP) unit for the recovery of the metals.In MSP unit, the solution is reacted with hydrogen sulphide gas to precipitate nickeland cobalt. The overflow from the thickener is transferred to the barrensneutralisation circuit, neutralised with lime and thickened before being forwarded tothe tailings neutralisation circuit. The discharged from the MSP is thickened and theunderflow is filtered, washed before being fed to the mixed sulphide leaching (MSL)circuit. The repulped mixed sulphides are leached and the slurry is then dischargedand cooled into a flash tank. The slurry is then thickened and the underflow is filteredto remove the unleached sulphides. The overflow and filtrate are passed throughpolishing filters and carbon columns before being fed into to the copper ionexchange (CIE) circuit. In CIE, the solution is contacted with copper specific risen.The raffinate form CIE is discharged to the zinc solvent extraction (ZSE) circuit. Inthe ZSE unit, the extraction of zinc and residual manganese takes place utilising Di-2Ethyl Hexyl Phosphoric Acid. The raffinate is then forwarded to the cobalt solventextraction (CSE) whiles the loaded organic scrubbed with nickel solution to reducethe carry over into the strip solution.The raffinate from the ZSE unit is treated in the CSE circuit to remove cobalt fromthe nickel solution using Cyanex 272. The solution is then adjusted to reach therequired concentrations for the hydrogen reduction. The resultant nickel powder thenflashed to atmospheric holding tank. The raffinate from the nickel copper ionexchange is discharged to the cobalt hydrogen reduction circuit. The resultingpowder is flashed to atmospheric holding tank.
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Table 1: Equipment Summary Specification for the Counter CurrentDecantation (CCD) CircuitEquipmentnumber Equipment type RequiredspecificationE-1
Thickener 1 Not available
Thickener 2
Not available
Thickener 3
Not available
Thickener 4
Not available
Thickener 5 Not available
Mixer 1 Not available
Mixer 2 Not available
Mixer 3 Not available
Mixer 4 Not available
Mixer 5 Not available
Pump 1 Not available
Pump 2 Not available
Pump 3 Not available
Pump 4 Not available

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