Today, a lot of researches are being conducted to treat cardiomegaly. The goal is to reach the full treatment of the disease, together with theconditions that are associated to it. The best possible treatment, either through the use of new drugs or methods, is being clinically tested.Hopefully, a cure will be introduced very soon.
It is a disease of the heart muscle. It is a condition where the muscle of the heart is abnormal without an obvious cause. There arefour main types of cardiomyopathy:
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)
Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy (RCM)
Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy (ARVC)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy :
In HCM, also known as hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, the muscular walls of the heart become thickened which prevents the heart from filling up with blood properly and stops it being pumped from the heart.Patients with this condition suffer from short of breath, experience chest pains and palpitations, and may often faint. The exactcause of HCM is unknown, although it’s usually inherited. Screening is offered to families of those with the condition to do theearly prevention.
Dilated cardiomyopathy :
In DCM, the muscular walls of the heart become dilated. This causes the heart to become larger and the heart muscle weaker,making it unable to pump the blood normally. Symptoms of DCM include tiredness and shortness of breath while exercising or resting. People with this condition may also have heart palpitations, fainting episodes, chest pain and notice their ankles becoming swollen. It can affect people of any age; however it is more common between the ages of 20 and 60 but men are moreat risk of developing.Although it is not very clear about the causes but a viral or other infection of the heart, or part of an autoimmune process where,for an unknown reason, the body attacks itself. Extra usage of alcohol and drug misuse, and exposure to certain chemicals and pesticides, can cause the problem.
Restrictive cardiomyopathy :
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy is caused by stiffening of the heart muscles. It’s most common in the tropics, where it’s often due toscarring of the heart muscle that occurs for no apparent reason.