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NASA FY 2014 budget proposal

NASA FY 2014 budget proposal

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Published by lroop6698
The White House FY 2014 budget proposal for NASA
The White House FY 2014 budget proposal for NASA

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Published by: lroop6698 on Jul 10, 2013
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Funding Highlights:
•Provides$17.7billionindiscretionaryfundingfortheNationalAeronauticsandSpace
Administration(NASA),adecreaseof0.3percent,orabout$50million,belowthe2012
enactedlevel.Whilemakingtoughchoices,theBudgetreinforcestheagency’scurrent
balancedportfolioofaeronauticsandspacetechnologydevelopment,Earthandspace
science,thedevelopmentofrocketsandcapsulestocarryexplorersdeeperintospace,andtheuseofinnovativecommercialpartnershipsforcrewandcargotransporttothe
InternationalSpaceStation.•IncludesfundingneededtodevelopaCommercialCrewcapability,withtheintentof
supportinganewindustrythatregainsthecapabilitytosendAmericanastronautsintospacefromU.S.soilandendstheneedtopayforeignproviderstotransportAmericanastronautstothe
InternationalSpaceStation.•Increasesinvestmentinspacetechnologies,suchasadvancedin-spacepropulsionandspacepropellantstorage,whicharenecessarytoincreaseAmerica’scapabilitiesinspace,bringthecostofspaceexplorationdown,andpavethewayforotherFederalGovernmentandcommercialspaceactivities.•FullyfundstheSpaceLaunchSystemheavy-liftrocketandOrionMulti-PurposeCrewVehicle,twokeyelementsforpushingtheboundariesofhumanspaceexploration.This
fundinglevelwillenableaighttestofOrionin2014andtheSpaceLaunchSystemin2017.•KeepsdevelopmentoftheJamesWebbSpaceTelescope,themorepowerfulsuccessortotheHubbleSpaceTelescope,ontrackfora2018launch.•Providesover$1.8billionforEarthSciencetorevamptheLandsatprogram,develop
climatesensorsfortheJointPolarSatelliteSystem,andconductnumerousothersatelliteand
researchefforts.•Beginsworkonamissiontorendezvouswith—andthenmove—asmallasteroid.AstronautswouldlatervisittheasteroidandreturnsamplestoEarth,achievingoneoftheagency’smajorgoalsinamorecost-effectivemanner.•Continuestheagency’simportantroleintheNation’saeronauticsresearchanddevelopment
portfolio,includinganewinitiativetomakelightercompositematerialsmoreeasilyuseableinaviation.
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS ANDSPACE ADMINISTRATION
 
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATIONThe National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) develops aeronauticsand space technologies, studies the Earth romspace, and pioneers the exploration o space. TheBudget provides $17.7 billion or NASA to sup-port investments that will ensure continued U.S.leadership in space, while helping to create newindustries and capabilities. It supports researchand development to drive advances in our spacecapabilities and strengthens NASA’s ability to an-swer increasingly important scientic questionsabout the Earth.
 Leads the World in Space Exploration
Invests in American Private AerospaceEnterprises.
In order to reduce our reliance onoreign providers or transporting our astronautsto and rom the International Space Station,the Budget invests in the innovative energieso U.S. industry to create transport capabilitiesat a lower cost than previous systems. Building on a successul commercial cargo program,the Commercial Crew Program is a uniquely American partnership aimed at introducing new eciencies in space exploration that willstrengthen U.S. leadership in space, help producea more globally-competitive U.S. space indus-try, and enable the Nation to more ully benetrom the International Space Station’s researchcapabilities.
Sustains Investment in Space Tech-nologies.
Ad vanced technology investments will increase the aordability, saety, and easi-bility o NASA and other Federal Governmentand commercial space activities to ultimatelyenable travel to and exploration o destinationsnever beore visited. From laboratory experi-ments to technology demonstrations onboard theInternational Space Station to uture in-spacemissions, the Budget unds the testing and de- velopment o technologies that will be crucial toNASA’s missions and will help to urther developa competitive U.S. aerospace sector.
 Advances Human Exploration o theSolar System.
The Budget ully unds the con-tinued development o new systems that will sup-port crewed missions to deep space. The SpaceLaunch System heavy-lit rocket will eventuallybe the world’s largest rocket since the Apollo-eraSaturn V, and remains on track or its rst testfight in 2017. The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle will carry crews past the Moon and isscheduled or its rst uncrewed fight test nextyear. Both programs leverage NASA’s skilledworkorce and contractor teams and builds uponexisting capabilities to push the reach o humansarther into the solar system, with an initial goalo visiting an asteroid in the next decade, ollowedeventually by a human mission to Mars.
•
FundsresearchontheInternationalSpaceStation,whileidentifyingefcienciesinoperationsandspaceightsupport.•Consolidates$47.5millionofsmallscience,technology,engineering,andmathematics(STEM)
educationprogramsfromacrossNASAintolargerprogramsatotheragenciestoachievethebestreturnoninvestment,whileattainingtangibleGovernment-wideSTEM
educationgoals.TheBudgetpreserves$67.5millionfortheSpaceGrantandGlobalLearningand
ObservationstoBenettheEnvironmentprogramsatNASA,aswellaskey
minority-servingeducationprograms,andrefocusesanadditional$26.8
millionfromotherNASAeducationandoutreachprogramstofacilitatethewiderapplicationofitsbest
educationassetsinclosecoordinationwiththeNationalScienceFoundation,the
Departmentof
Education,andtheSmithsonianInstitution.
 
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2014
157
Unlocks Mysteries o the Universe.
TheBudget ully unds the James Webb SpaceTelescope, a 100-times more capable successorto the Hubble Telescope, to keep it on track orlaunch in 2018. Within the current constrainedunding environment, the Budget unds high-priority planetary science missions, including arobotic sample return mission rom an asteroid,and multiple missions ocused on Mars explora-tion, including a new large rover to be launchedin 2020.
Pursues Innovative Approach to Visiting an Asteroid.
The Budget includes $78 millionor NASA to develop needed technologies andstudy alternative approaches or a robotic mis-sion to rendezvous with a small asteroid—onethat would be harmless to Earth—and move it toa stable location outside the Moon’s orbit. Thismission would develop the technologies and ca-pabilities required i in the uture there is a needto move a hazardous asteroid. Eventually, astro-nauts would visit the retrieved asteroid using rockets and capsules NASA is already developing,ullling the President’s goal o sending humansto an asteroid by 2025 in a more cost-eectivemanner and allowing the recovery and returnto Earth samples o the asteroid’s rocks. In ad-dition, NASA will accelerate its eorts to detectand characterize potentially hazardous Earth as-teroids, to both address the threat and clariy theopportunities these objects represent.
 Discovers More About Our Home Planet
Supports a Robust Fleet o Earth Mon-itoring Spacecrat.
NASA has unique exper-tise in satellite and sensor development, and theBudget makes best use o that expertise, provid-ing over $1.8 billion to the Earth Science program,including unds to revamp the Landsat program.To minimize the risk o a gap in our Nation’s cli-mate monitoring data, NASA will develop climatesensors or the Joint Polar Satellite System pro-gram, as well as support other earth science andclimate change research and development eorts.
 Maximizes Resources
Consolidates STEM Education Programs.
The President places a high priority on STEMeducation and has set ambitious goals o gener-ating 100,000 new eective STEM teachers andone million more STEM graduates. In order toimprove STEM education outcomes and achievethese goals, the Budget includes a bold reorgani-zation o Federal STEM programs that uses ex-isting resources more eectively and in a morestreamlined, consolidated way. The Budget redi-rects $47.5 million o unding rom small NASA education programs throughout the agency toother agencies where these unds will be con-solidated with similar resources rom across theFederal Government. NASA retains $67.5 mil-lion or high-perorming existing programs, andan additional $26.8 million rom other educa-tion and outreach programs previously distrib-uted throughout the agency’s mission director-ates. NASA’s assets will be used more eectivelythrough coordination with the National ScienceFoundation, the Department o Education,and the Smithsonian Institution to achieve the Administration’s wider STEM education goals.
Boosts Sustainability and Energy Ef-ciency o NASA Facilities.
The Budget sup-ports a number o initiatives to help NASA acili-ties operate in a more ecient and sustainablemanner. Today, over 80 percent o NASA build-ings are beyond their design lie. The Budget con-tinues to enable NASA to replace or modernizeinecient buildings, providing jobs to local com-munities and leading to increasingly ecient useo taxpayer dollars. For example, the Budget sup-ports a building renovation at Langley ResearchCenter in Virginia and a number o cost-savingsinvestments across NASA that will reduce theootprint, co-locate personnel, consolidate datacenters, increase energy eciency, and improvesustainability.

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