outstretching up to Central Asia and present day Iran at various times before the advent of theBritish. Kashmir was part of the empires and of smaller kingdoms under Punjab rulers atdifferent times. Pakistan was carved out of India as a political compulsion. The history doesnot support either the claim of India or of Pakistan on Kashmir or the claim of some for theindependence of Kashmir.
RELIGION IS PASSE:
India as a secular country is
of the present enlightenedworld with the people of all religions in symbiosis here. Seeing any issue through the glass of religion is
tout au contraire
to the very spirit India stands for. Islam being the
of Pakistan is its own albatross and does not give it any special claim on regions anywhere inthe world
. Further, religion being a factor of politics goes
to the extantinternational spirit and
. It is so also about Kashmir.
Nor Kashmir being incorporated in Indian constitution as a part of India gives Indiaany special claim on Kashmir for the simple reason that any constitution is the product of thenationhood and not
. India basing its claims on Kashmir on its constitutional provisions is misleading. On the other hand, if the will of the people of a region is givenliberty in deciding the nationality, neither India nor Pakistan nor any other country in theworld survive as a nation for long. Such a will has no sanctity in a nationhood. Ergo, it isneither the cover of the constitutional provisions nor the ruse of the will of the people that provide the justification for the claims on Kashmir with certitude.
There are myriad talks about the Maharaja of Kashmir signing the instrumentation of annexation with India with a provision for plebiscite while invaded by the Pakistan army
as tribals in 1947 and India under Jawaharlal Nehru referring Kashmir dispute to theUNO and the consectaneous UNO resolution going against the interests of India. Real polity