Population Change Quiz – here are my answers!!!!
1)Give three characteristics of the UK population structure.
Large proportion of people over 80 – wider apexLow motality rates - relatively straight sides (column shaped with some bulges)Baby Boom in their late 30’s – high birth rates in 1960’s and 70’sAlso slight bulge showing post war baby boomTapering at the base showing declining birth rates
2)Identify three trends in the UK population structure between now and 2050.
Population projections show that by 2021 the number of people aged over 80 will reach 3 million(5%), whilst the number of those under 16 will fall.
Outline three challenges faced by a country with an aging population.
Increasing costs associated (remember cost savings in young care)e.g. health costs (bed blocking, rehabilitation, prescription costs) social coast (shelteredhousing) welfare costs (pensions, transport, other benefits, re-training)All this at a time when the size of tax paying workforce (and therefore revenues) may beshrinking in proportion to the aging population
Outline three challenges faced by a country with a youthful population.
Costs associated with childbirth and post natal care, vaccinations, education and nurseryplaces. The future demand for job creation and housing.
5)How does outward migration affect the population of an area?
Costs can be classified as social, economic. Particular example of migration may have differenteffects both benefits and costs Consult pages 172 to 173 of your core text and be aware ofthe costs and benefits of your migration case studies
6)How does inward migration affect the population of an area?
7)What have been the impacts of economic migration on an area you have studied?
Write about Poland to UK, alternatively Mexico to USA or Asia to Dubai. Remember to writeabout both the source and destination countries
Define both underpopulation and overpopulation.
Underpopulation is where the number of people living in an area is insufficient to allow the mostefficient use of resources with a given level of technology. Characterised by high wages, lowunemployment. Over population is the opposite.Remember optimum population is where the GDP per capita is maximized BUT it is a dynamicconcept – this means that both the available resources and level of technology is constantlychanging.