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Gas Turbine AnalysisIdeal Cycle
The simplest way to predict the behaviour of a gas turbine engine is to use an ideal onedimensional gas dynamics/ thermodynamic analysis. Assuming the engine operates on anideal Brayton cycle, then the problem becomes one of tracking gas flow through an idealintake, isentropic compression, constant pressure combustion and finally isentropicexpansion through a turbine and nozzle.Some simple assumptions are needed to allow for the calculations to proceed.1. Isentropic intake and compression (no losses)2. Constant pressure combustion. As the flow is relatively slow in the inlet to the combustionchamber then it can be assumed that the pressure is roughly equal to the stagnationpressure of the flow at this point. The stagnation temperature rise is based on the mass flowrate of fuel injected and its calorific value, giving rise to an enthalpy change CpTo3. The turbine provides all required energy to drive the compressor and/or fan.4.Isentropic expansion through the exhaust nozzle back to surrounding ambient pressure.5.