INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Kelso Conservation Area was established in 1960 on the Niag-ara Escarpment in Milton, Ontario (GPS Coordinates 43.503,-79.947). The 397 hectare park is recognized as a RegionalEnvironmentally Sensitive Area and includes 16 km of hiking andmountain biking trails.
At Kelso, visitors can enjoy the sites of the natural landscape from the geologic formation of the es-carpment to the ancient Eastern White Cedars, many up to 700years old.
The conservation area was created to manage water
resources through ood control. On site, a dam and reservoirprovide ood protection and regulate the Sixteen Mile Creek.
Inaddition, a 35-hectare man-made lake draws visitors to the siteduring the summer and offers supervised swimming and kayaking.Kelso Conservation Area owns and operates Glen Eden Ski and Snowboard Centre within the park.
Open seasonally,Glen Eden offers 6 ski lifts with access to 14 slopes and a snow-tubing park.
In addition, the Halton Region Museum Is
located in Kelso Conservation Area and houses 35,000 artifacts and several exhibits on Halton’s local history throughit’s 6 heritage buildings located on historic farmland.
From 1836-1950 a section of the land was cultivated by four generations of farmers (the Alexanders from Scotland).
Two 55 foot stone chimneys remain on site as artifacts of Christie Lime Kiln’s historic operations from 1903-1929.
Stone draw kilns were used to create quicklime by heating limestone to temperatures between 1300 and 1800degrees Fahrenheit and speeding the calcination process.
The lime was utilized by the building industry as a bindingagent in mortar.
Milton Quarries further utilized the natural resource of the Niagara Escarpment dolostone at Kelsofrom 1969-2001.
The company operated on the East side of the conser-
vation area, extracting aggregate from the escarpment to support urban
infrastructure in the GTA.
In 2006, the Milton Limestone Quarry sold71.09 hectares of land to Conservation Halton and the area is currentlyundergoing rehabilitation, later to open as the Milton Quarry Park.
View from Kelso Conservation Area outcroplooking NW. Taken June 15, 2012.Aerial photo of Kelso Park quarryoperations. C. 1970s