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96490672 Drilling and Blasting of Rocks

96490672 Drilling and Blasting of Rocks

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Published by Chin Thau Wui

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Published by: Chin Thau Wui on Jul 12, 2013
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11/18/2013

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DRILLING ÄND
BLASTING
OF
ROCKS
CARLOS LOPEZ JIMENO
Project Director for EPM,
SA
EMLIO LOPEZ JIMENOFRANCISCO JAVIER AYALA CARCEDO
Project Director for ITGETranslated
by
YVONNE VISSER DE RAMIROA.
A.
BALKEMA
/
ROTTERDAM
/
BROOKFIELD
/
1995
 
This work has been totally financed by the Geornining Technological Institute of Spain under contract with the E.F?M., S.A. Cornpany(Estudios y Proyectos Mineros, S.A.).Authorization to photocopy iterns for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted byA.A.Balkerna, Rotterdarn, provided that the base fee of US$1.50 per copy, plus US$O.lO per Page is paid directly to CopyrightClearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, USA. For those organizations that have been granted a photocopylicense by CCC, a separate systern of payrnent has been arranged. The fee code for users of the Transactional Reporting Service is:90 5410 199 7/95 US$1.50
+
US$O. 10.Original text:
Manual de perforacion
y
voladura de rocas
O
1987 Instituto Geologico y Minero de EspailaRevised and updated edition in English:
O
1995 A.A. Balkerna, PO. Box 1675,3000 BR Rotterdarn, Netherlands (Fax: +3 1.10.4135947)Distributed in USA
&
Canada by:A.A. Balkema Publishers, Old Post Road, Brookfield,
VT
05036, USA (Fax: 802.276.3837)Printed in the Netherlands
 
Contents
FOREWORDPREFACEACKNOWLEDGEMENTS1 ROCK DRILLING METHODS1.1 Introduction1.2 Types of drilling operations used in rockbreakage1.3 Fields of application for the different drillingmethods1.4 Classification of the rocks andtheirprincipal physical propertiesReferences2 ROTARY PERCUSSIVE DRILLING2.1 Introduction2.2 Fundamentals of rotary percussive drilling2.3 Top hammer drilling2.4 Drilling with down the hole harnmer2.5 Advance systems2.6 Mounting systems2.7 Dust collectors2.8 Inclination instruments2.9 Penetration rate2.10 Average penetration rate2.1 1 Calculation of drilling costsReferences3 ROTARY PERCUSSIVE DRILLINGACCESSORIES3.1 Introduction3.2 Types of threads3.3 Shank adaptors3.4 Dnll steel3.5 Couplings3.6 Dnll bits3.7 Calculation of the necessary drillingaccessories3.8 Care and maintenance of the bits3.9 Care and maintenance of drill steel3.10 Guide for identifying accessory failureand its causesReferences4 ROTARY DRILLINGWITHROLLINGTRICONE BITS4.1 Introduction4.2 Mounting and propulsion systems4.3 Power sources4.4 Rotation systems4.5 Pulldown/hoisting systems4.6 Mast and pipe changer4.7 Control cabin4.8 System for flushing drill cuttings4.9 Dnll string4.10 Auxiliary elements4.1 1 Operative practice. Drilling parameters4.12 Penetration rate4.13 Calculation of drilling costsReferences5 ROLLING CONE ROCK BITS5.1 Rolling cone rock bits5.2 Major components and design features5.3 The metallurgy of rolling cone rock bits5.4 Types of rolling cone bits5.5 Bit type selection5.6 Effects of the operating parameters on therolling cone bits5.7 Nozzle selection5.8 Evaluation of du11 rolling cones5.9 Example of roller iricone bit selection5.10 IDAC CodesReferences
6
ROTARY DRILLING WITH CUTTINGACTION6.1 Introduction6.2 Fundamentals of drilling with cutting action6.3 Flushing of drill cuttings6.4 Cutting toolsReferences7 SPECIAL DRILLING METHODS ANDMOLINTING SYSTEMS7.1 Introduction7.2 Drilling through overburden7.3 Shaft sinking7.4 Raise driving

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