Cloning in Pop Culture:
There are many movies out there having to do with the idea of having clones of someone or something. Inmovies, it usually is always with the case of humans. Here are some examples of some movies and showsthat have cloning involved in them.The one that is the least likely to happen is the one in Dexter’s Lab. In Dexter’s lab, the characters speak of a “cloning machine” like it’s a copying machine. Cloning just doesn’t work that way.
What is cloning?
In nature, cloning is the process of producing populations of genetically-identical individuals. The organismsthat are involved in “cloning” are usually the ones involved in asexual reproduction, such as bacteria, plants,and insects.
In biotechnology, cloning is the process used to create artificial copies of DNA fragments, cells, or organisms. Usually this is done by taking out the chromosomes in an egg cell by removing the nucleus andreplacing them with ones extracted from an adult organism. The egg is then implanted in the womb of ananimal – usually one closest in species to the original organism, and left to develop into first an embryo, andthen into a living organism.
Two Different Types of Cloning:
There are two different types of cloning: therapeutic and reproductive. Reproductive cloning involvescreating an organism in order to make a copy of it – it’s the one we most commonly know. Therapeuticcloning is used for many things including stem cell research, research into human development, and genetherapies.While both uses the same methods of development, the differences are that reproductive cloning is whenthe scientists allow the embryo to grow into a living organism, such as an anima, while therapeutic cloning iswhen the somatic cell is allowed to grow for approximately two weeks and then cells that were grown inside,usually a human tissue or stem cells, would be extracted. These things that are “grown” are usually stemcells, human tissue, or even whole organs that are used as a replacement organ during transplants inhumans.
In present day, human cloning is
possible in most areas of the world. The reason for this is currently,any biological experimentation on humans is illegal in most of the world (including drug tests) UNLESShumans volunteer for them. The debate arose only after the famous Dolly the Sheep, the first animal clone,was produced in 1996 when the idea that if people could clone a sheep, they could clone humans started todevelop. Several reasons for why this is illegal are because of the religious and ethical controversiessurrounding this issue. Not only that but seeing as 1 or 2 out of 100 attempts at cloning were successful andbecause we also have a lack of understanding regarding human reproductive cloning, it would be unethicalto try.Even if the cloning were to be successful, scientists aren’t sure of the impact it would have on the humanclone’s mind. As mood and intellect aren’t as important to mice and cows, for a healthy human, these arevery important.