(A) A unit of linear measure equal to 10(-10)m, or 0.1 nm; not an accepted Si unit, but still sometimes usedfor small distances such as interatomic distances and some wavelengths.
The characteristics of exhibiting different values of a property in different directions with respect to a fixedreference system in the material.
Heating to and holding at a suitable temperature and then cooling at a suitable rate, for such purposes asreducing hardness, improving machinability, facilitating cold working, producing a desired microstructure,or obtaining desired mechanical, physical, or other properties. When applicable, the following morespecific terms should be used: black annealing, blue annealing, box annealing, bright annealing, flameannealing, graphitizing, intermediate annealing, isothermal annealing, malleablizing, process annealing,quench annealing, recrystallization annealing, and spheroidizing. When applied to ferrous alloys, the termannealing, without qualification, implies full annealing. When applied to nonferrous alloys, the termannealing implies a heat treatment designed to soften an age-hardened alloy by causing a nearly complete precipitation of the second phase in relatively coarse form. Any process of annealing will usually reducestresses, but if the treatment is applied for the sole purpose of such relief, it should be designated stressrelieving.
A twin formed in a metal during an annealing heat treatment.
Anodizing (Aluminum Adic Oxide Coating),
A process of coating aluminum by anodic treatment resulting in a thin film of aluminum oxide of extremehardness. A wide variety of dye colored coatings are possible by impregnation in process.
A group of welding processes wherein the metal or metals being joined are coalesced by heating with anarc, with or without the application of pressure and with or without the use of filler metal.
In microscopy, a false structure introduced during preparation of a specimen.
An aging treatment above room temperature.
Abbreviation for American Society For Testing Material. An organization for issuing standardspecifications on materials, including metals and alloys.
Arc welding with heat from an arc between two tungsten or other suitable electrodes in a hydrogenatmosphere. The use of pressure and filler metal is optional.
The fractional decrease of the intensity of an energy flux, including the reduction of intensity resulting fromgeometrical spreading, absorption, and scattering.
Ausenitic Grain Size
The size of the grains in steel heated into the austenitic region.