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Past-Future Asymmetry of the Gravitational Field of a Point Particle

Past-Future Asymmetry of the Gravitational Field of a Point Particle

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Published by Benjamin Crowell
Finkelstein, Phys. Rev. 110, 965–967 (1958), "Past-Future Asymmetry of the Gravitational Field of a Point Particle"
Finkelstein, Phys. Rev. 110, 965–967 (1958), "Past-Future Asymmetry of the Gravitational Field of a Point Particle"

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Benjamin Crowell on Jul 12, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/07/2013

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i-
Reprinted from
 T
HE
P
HYSICAL
R
EVIEW
,
Vol. 110, No.
4,
965-967,
May
15,
1958
Printed
in
 
U.
s. A.
Past-Future Asymmetry of the Gravitational Field of a Point Particle
SW
 
IIItrirJs
of 
Tcckdogy,
 
B&oh,
 
Nm
 
Jusq,
 
and
 
Ah
York
Unhusily,
 
Nm
Yak,
New
 
York
(Received January
9,1958)
The
analytic
c x t e n s i o n
of the
Sch
warzschild
exterior solution is given in
a
closed form valid throughoutempty space-time and possessing no irregularities except that at the origin. The gravitational field of a
spherical point particle
is
then seen not to be invariant under time reversal for any admissible choice of time
coordinate. The
Schwarzschild
surface
r=
2m is
not
a
singularity but
acts
as
a perfect unidirectional
mem-brane: causal
influences
can
cross
it but
only
in
one direction. The apparent violation of the principle of sufficient
reason
seems
 
similar
to that which is
associated with instabilities in other nonlinear phenomena.
I.
INTRODUCTION
(c) Invariance under the connected three-parameter 
T
0
define
a gravitational universe we must give an
groupanalytic manifold and an analytic quadratic form
gc,
of correct signature.
2o+&=zo
For the manifold
nt
associated with a universe con-
R,:
1
&
+
 
2’=
 
Qd-
I
 ,
I%=
1,
detr=
1. (1.3)
taining
one point particle, one takes all of 4-space
(+c)
less the line
z*=O.
(Greek 
indices=0,
1, 2, 3;Latin= 1, 2, 3.)
We
might subject the gravitational(d) Asymptotic to the Lorentz metric
fieid g,,,(z) to the following requirements:
g,,(r)
 
---)
 
$w,
+x’+
 
=
l
(1
 
4)
.
(a) The free space equation of Einstein:(e) Not extendable to the line
&=O
(true
singu-
R,,(r)
 
=
 
0.
(1.1)
larity).
This
 
excludes
the
trivial
case
g,,(r)“~,,.
(b) Invariance under the
onc-parameter 
group(f) Invariant under the discrete
group generated
by
(12)

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