SCADA TELEMETRY IN INDIAN RAILWAY 25 KVA OHE DISTRIBOTION SYSTEMReliable Solution with seamless performancePage 2 of 16Some of the existing Vendors of Indian Railways who have success fully executed theSCADA project in different section:1.
HART etcIn the earlier concept there was Micro Processor based MCU and RTU developed by thevendors were hooked up by the Railway telephone line through modems for polling andinterchanging the data and commands.But in the case of projects like SCADA the concept of implementation of the project isunconditionally accredited to do with the PLC only as on date apart from Indian Railwaywhether the SCADA is in Power Plant, Electrical Utility Distribution System, Substation, Oiland Petrochemicals, Water and Wastewater management etc.Similarly Indian Railway alsohas focus of acceptance with the latest concepts of SCADA.With the updated concept of Railway Electrification along with the introduction of Optical FiberTechnology in the communication of Railway the new concepts are:To connect the SCADA RTU’s with the MCU in the main control room through FO (Fiber Optic)media instead of dial up modems of through railway telephone line with copper trunk media.At the same time the acceptability and preference of SCADA system for Indian Railway 25KVA OHE distribution system of Loco catenary’s supply using Programmable Logic Controlleris getting in the high key and high focused area because of certain practical and technicalreason which is as been shown in this write up mainly because SCADA is a subject which isfrom universally acceptable with PLC only in any application else where in the globe.Bucauseof its open source application and dependability of individuals as far as design and technicalknow how is concerned is almost none. As a result the existing installations where oldProcessor based system is exists the user is suffering from long term operability problemand maintains due to the non standard development view and dependability of theindividuals.Although the core architecture of a PLC is nothing but an embedded processor as describedbelow in case of various OEM’s such as SIEMENS S7-200 is based on Intel 8 Bit Controllerwhere SIEMENS S7-300/400 PCS7 is based on Intel 32/64 Bit Processor only, Rockwell use16/32/64 Bit RISC based ARM processor depending upon the Family of application where asGEFANUC uses Intel or AMD Processor etc, but as far as large automation jobs areconcerned in Industry where large distributed system are used with multi node hookup withcommunication link is required the PLC/DCS based application is only accepted with noother alternative.The brief comparative analysis of the some important aspect for a system like SCADAbetween PLC and Processor:
Sl. Features Processor PLC Remarks
1 Raw Material Cost Less High It can be minimizedthrough propernegotiation2 Cost of Development Tools High Less3 Time for in house engineering High Less Mostly integration4 Time of Development High Less User friendly