The quantity of light reaching a certain surface is usually the main consideration in designing a lightingsystem.This quantity of light is specified by
and as this level varies acrossthe
, an average figure is used.CIBSELighting Guidesgive values ofilluminancethat are suitable for various areas.The section-Lighting Levels in these notes also givesilluminancevalues.The lumen method is used to determine the number of lamps that should be installed for a given area orroom.
Calculating for the Lumen Method
The method is a commonly used technique of lighting design, which is valid, if the lightfittings
are to be mounted overhead in a regular pattern.The luminous flux output
of each lamp needs to be known as well as details of theluminairesand the room surfaces.Usually the
is already specified e.g. office 500lux, kitchen 300lux, the designer choosessuitableluminairesand then wishes to know how many are required.The
number of lamps
is given by the formula:where,N=number of lamps required.E=illuminancelevel required (lux)A=area at working plane height (m
)F=average luminous flux from each lamp (lm)UF=utilisation factor, an allowance for the light distribution of theluminaireandthe room surfaces.MF=maintenance factor, an allowance for reduced light output because of deterioration and dirt.
A production area in a factory measures 60 metres x 24 metres.Find the number of lamps required if each lamp has a Lighting Design Lumen (LDL) output of
The illumination required for the factory area is