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Lumen Method

Lumen Method

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Published by Ibarreta Rhomel
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Published by: Ibarreta Rhomel on Jul 13, 2013
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Lumen Method
The quantity of light reaching a certain surface is usually the main consideration in designing a lightingsystem.This quantity of light is specified by
illuminance
measured in
lux,
and as this level varies acrossthe
working plane
, an average figure is used.CIBSELighting Guidesgive values ofilluminancethat are suitable for various areas.The section-Lighting Levels in these notes also givesilluminancevalues.The lumen method is used to determine the number of lamps that should be installed for a given area orroom.
Calculating for the Lumen Method
The method is a commonly used technique of lighting design, which is valid, if the lightfittings
(luminaires)
are to be mounted overhead in a regular pattern.The luminous flux output
(lumens)
of each lamp needs to be known as well as details of theluminairesand the room surfaces.Usually the
illuminance
is already specified e.g. office 500lux, kitchen 300lux, the designer choosessuitableluminairesand then wishes to know how many are required.The
number of lamps
is given by the formula:where,N=number of lamps required.E=illuminancelevel required (lux)A=area at working plane height (m
2
)F=average luminous flux from each lamp (lm)UF=utilisation factor, an allowance for the light distribution of theluminaireandthe room surfaces.MF=maintenance factor, an allowance for reduced light output because of deterioration and dirt.
Example 1
A production area in a factory measures 60 metres x 24 metres.Find the number of lamps required if each lamp has a Lighting Design Lumen (LDL) output of 
18,000lumens.
The illumination required for the factory area is
200lux.
 
Utilisation factor = 0.4Lamp Maintenance Factor = 0.75N=(200luxx60mx24m)/(18,000 lumensx0.4x0.75)N=53.33N=
54 lamps.Spacing
The aim of a good lighting design is to approach
uniformity
in illumination over the working plane.Complete uniformity is impossible in practice, but an acceptable standard is for the
minimum
to be atleast 70% of the
maximum illumination level.
This means, for example, that for a room with an illumination level of 500lux, if this is taken as theminimum level, then the maximum level in another part of the room will be no higher than 714luxasshown below.500/0.7=714luxData in manufacturer's catalogues gives the maximum ratio between the
spacing
(centre to centre) of the fittings and their
height
( tolamp centre) above the working plane (0.85 metres abovef.f.l.)
 
Example 2
Using data in the previous example show the lighting design layout below.The spacing to mounting height ratio is
3 :2.
The mounting height (H
m
) = 4 metres.The spacing between lamps is calculated fromfromSpacing/H
m
ratio of3 :2.If the mounting height is 4 m then the maximum spacing is:3 / 2=Spacing / 4Spacing=1.5x4=6 metresThe number of rows of lamps is calculated by dividing the width of the building (24 m)by the spacing:24 /6=4rows of lampsThis can be shown below.Half the spacing is used for the ends of rows.The number of lamps in each row can be calculated by dividing the total number of lamps found inexample 1 by the number of rows.Total lamps54/4=13.5goes up to nearest whole number=14 lamps in each row.The longitudinal spacing between lamps can be calculated by dividing the length of the building by thenumber of lamps per row.Length of building 60 m/14=4.28 metres.There will be half the spacing at both ends=4.28 / 2=2.14 metresThis can be shown below.

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