, is an importantorganic compoundinmetabolismand is essential tothe flow of energy in livingcells.A molecule of ADP consists of three important structural components: asugar backbone which is attached to amoleculeof adenosineand two phosphategroups located around its ringstructure. Thecarbonmolecules that makeup the ring structure of a sugar can be named in a way which morespecifically designates the location of the phosphate and adenosine attachments. The sugar backbone of ADP isknown as a pentose sugar and consists of five carbon molecules. The two phosphate groups of ADP are added
in series to the 5’ carbon of the sugar backbone, while the adenosine molecule attaches to the 1’ carbon.
is a process used by plants and other organisms to convertlightenergy, normally from thesun,into chemical energy that can be used to fuel the organisms' activities. Carbohydrates, such as sugars, aresynthesized from carbon dioxide and water (hence the name photosynthesis, from theGreek