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Green Process Homework Assignment 2

Green Process Homework Assignment 2

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Published by Golffy Kung
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Published by: Golffy Kung on Jul 13, 2013
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08/03/2014

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นายรตกร ศรอาพล
5572233623
Homework Assignment 2
1. VAM manufacturing process. Vinyl acetate monomer \VAM" is manufactured by reacting acetic acid with oxygen and ethylene according to the following chemicalreaction:C
2
H
4
+ 0.5O
2
+ C
2
H
4
O
2
! C
4
H
6
O
2
+ H
2
OA fresh feed of 10,000 kg/h of acetic acid \AA" along with 200 kg/h of water areevaporated in an acid tower. The vapor is fed with oxygen and ethylene to the reactor where 7000 kg/h of acetic acid are reacted and 10,000 kg/h of VAM are formed. Thereactor o_-gas is cooled and fed to _rst absorber, where AA (5100 kg/h) is used as asolvent. Almost all the gases leave from the top of the _rst absorption column, together with 1200 kg/h of AA. This stream is fed to the scond absorption column where water (200 kg/h) is used to scrub acetic acid. The bottom product of the _rst absorption columnis fed to the primary distillation tower, where VAM is recovered as a top product (10,000kg/h) along with 200 kg/h of water and a small amount of AA (100 kg/h), which is noteconomically justi_able to recover. This stream is send to _nal _nishing. The bottom product of the primary tower (6800 kg/h of AA and 2300 kg/h of water) is mixed withthe bottom product of the second absorption column (1200 kg/h of AA and 200 kg/h of water). The mixed waste is fed to a neutralization system followed by biotreatment.In this example, let us consider the case when no changes are made to the consumption by chemical reaction and there are no adjustments in design or operating conditions toreduce fresh AA consumption. What is the target for minimum fresh usage and minimumterminal losses of AA?
 
VAM process
10000 AA (Evaporator)5100 AA (Absorber)1200 AA (biotreatment)6800 AA (biotreatment)100 AA ( loss in product)
 
 After recycling waste water AA from (Absorber II & primary tower) to fresh feed in acid tower2.Sol
a. What is the current value of the mass efficency?The firrst step is to calculate the current value of mass efficiency of base case from
VAM process
2000 AA (Evaporator)5100 AA (Absorber)100 AA ( loss in product)6800+1200 =8000 AA6800 AA (recycle stream)1200 AA (recycle stream)Recycle =10000-8000 =2000 AA
 
 
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

##
 b. If the only change allowed in this process is to alter the reaction temperature and itis desired to maximize the amount of P in stream S7, what is the optimal reactor temperature and what is the target for maximum flow rate of product P in stream S7 ?
 Maximized product by optimal temperature reactor
 

, optimal temp =375 CMaximized product P = (0.8x200kg/hr)
 –
0 =160 kg/hrUnreacted A = 40 kg /hrWaste W formed in reactor = 0 kg/hrAdjust Solvent M to zero (Because waste is zero ) , Stream S7 have
n’t
been lost by separator M therefore

      

##
c. In addition to changing reactor temperature, you may also use recovery (with) newunits and rerouting of stream without any limitations on the cost or technology. Inthis case, what is the maximum flow rate of product P in stream S7 and what is themaximum target for the ME of the process?
 Optimum reactor temperature = 375 C and close feed M solvent

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