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Gender Factsheet

Gender Factsheet

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Published by Hoyce Temu

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Published by: Hoyce Temu on Jul 15, 2013
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05/10/2014

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GENDER
Challenges and Opportunies
GENDER
Tanzania has made notable progresson gender equality and women’sempowerment (GEWE). The Vision 2025
for Tanzania Mainland spulates equality
between men and women as laid down
in the Constuon and recognizes gender
equality and the empowerment of 
women in all socio-economic and policalrelaons and cultures as one of thestrategies to aain the vision. Key naonalpolicy frameworks such as the Strategyfor Growth and Reducon of Poverty(MKUKUTA II and MKUZA II in TanzaniaMainland and Zanzibar respecvely) haveidened gender equality and women’s
empowerment (GEWE) as among the
major development issues which require mul-sectoralapproaches. Tanzania’s Five Year Development Plan(FYDP) emphasizes women’s economic empowermentas a means of bringing about equality in economic
empowerment.
The Ministry of Community Development, Genderand Children (MCDGC) is charged with coordinangand providing guidance for mainstreaming gender inall development processes. This is supported by theWomen and Gender Development Policy and Strategyand an Implementaon Plan on Gender.The government has also introduced GenderResponsive Budgeng (GRB), led by the Ministry of Finance (MoF) for improved allocaon and tracking of nancial allocaons in support of gender equality and
women’s empowerment.
In addion in 2010 the governments adopted the SADCProtocol on Gender and Development which calls fora 50/50 representaon in all decision-making organs.In response to Violence against Women and Girls
(
VAWG) the government adopteda GBV Policy andManagement Guidelines in September 2011 andin November 2011 set up a stakeholder ownedinstrument to guide a mul-sectoral prevenon andresponse to VAWG, with a plan and Naonal Mul-
 A leading youth acvist in the ght against Violence against Women and Girls (VAWG)
 P  h  o t   o b  y  :  a u r  a e k   e /   U N W o m e n
Programme At a Glance
Programme IAGG - policy and technical advice
Objecve
Strengthen UNCT Gender Mainstreaming and Women’sEmpowerment across Programme Delivery and AdvocacyCampaigns through: Support Gender MainstreamingAcross the UNDAP; Enhance Capacies of UNCT toCoordinate Iniaves on GEWE and Development andImplementaon of Inter-Agency Advocacy Strategy on
Gender Equality.
Duraon
July 2011 – June 2015
Status
Acve
Implemenng
Agencies
UN Women (Lead and Secretariat), FAO (Current Chair),UNFPA and ILO. Others: UNESCO, UNICEF, UNDP, IOMUNAIDS, WFP and UNHCR.
Partner
Naonal Gender Machinery, e.g. MCDGC; the women’smovement and women’s rights network and the UNCountry Team through Programme Working Groups.
Total availablebudget
USD 245,000
 
Benefciaries
Duty-bearers and rights-holders in Tanzania, UN Country
Team
 
GENDER
Sectoral Commiee to end Violence
against Women and Girls. The Tanzania
Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS) has alsolaunched a Gender Operaonal Planfor HIV and AIDS Response in MainlandTanzania. In addion, the Sexual OencesSpecial Provisions Act (SOSPA) specicallyaddresses sexual and gender basedviolence.Although Tanzania is signatory to all majorinternaonal and regional instruments thatpromote gender equality, implementaonhas been constrained by the delays inincorporang these rights into naonallaws along with structural weaknessesin the jusce system and inadequateaenon to public educaon, resulngin women’s limited access to their rights. Women sllconfront manifold violaons of their human rights— when they cannot parcipate in the decisionsthat aect their lives or claim fair representaon,when they face discriminaon in employment, whenthey are denied entlement to land and property, orwhen they suer violence within their own home orface sexual harassment or extoron (s
extoron
) in
accessing essenal public services. Other obstacles torights arise when women and girls are prevented fromgoing to school or aaining health care, or are subjectto harmful tradional pracces.Discriminaon and violence against women and girlsare widely prevalent and widespread in Tanzaniaand are fueled by patriarchal norms and tradionsand impunity before the law. VAWG’s far-reachingconsequences are not only felt in terms of the psycho-social and physical well-being of enre families andcommunies, but also undermine Tanzania’s overalleconomic development.
IAGG in Acon
The UN Inter-agency Gender Group (IAGG) as one of theWorking Groups under the United Naons Deliveringas One (DaO) structure contributes to the UNDAPOutcome “Strengthen UNCT Gender Mainstreamingand Women’s Empowerment across ProgrammeDelivery and Advocacy Campaigns”.
 
The IAGG aims
to ensure that mainstreaming of gender equality and
women’s empowerment in all UN system acvies inTanzania is achieved through eecve cooperaoncoordinaon and monitoring. IAGG works towardsthree outputs (i) To Support Gender MainstreamingAcross the UNDAP (ii) Enhance Capacies of UNCT toCoordinate Iniaves on GEWE and (iii) Develop anInter-Agency Advocacy Strategy on Gender Equality incooperaon with the UN Communicaon Group.Through IAGG eorts, gender equality and women’sempowerment work within the UN has become farmore visible, with greater involvement of dierentagencies and the UNCT as a whole; there is greaterpriorizaon and concrete resource allocaon for GEWEby UN agencies; there is increased consolidaon of UNsystem contribuons to
gender equality and women’sempowerment
in the context of the UNDAP - not onlyas a cross-cung issue, but also as a programmingprinciple in the UNDAP along with nancial incenves(of 20%) of the One Fund allocaon for delivering oncross-cung consideraons, gender equality beingone of them. The IAGG has developed a number of knowledge products on GEWE as part of the objecveto improve knowledge generaon and management.
Police Gender and Children’s Desks play a vital role in providing support  for vicms/survivors of VAWG
 P  h  o t   o b  y  :  a u r  a e k   e /   U N W o m e n n
 
GENDER
UN in Acon - Programming on
Gender Equality and Women’sEmpowerment
UN’s support to the Naonal Women’s Machineriesin Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar is geared towardsstrengthening the required capacies to coordinateand ensure mainstreaming of GEWE by Ministries,Departments and Agencies to integrate genderequality into naonal development strategies, laws andpolicies. Joint eorts have been directed at improvingwomen’s parcipaon in leadership and decisionmaking including supporng women candidates inboth parliamentary and local government elecons,and providing women with access to informaonthrough radio listening groups and community radio.UN supports the MoF and local government
to mainstream gender equality in their
planning and budgeng systems to makepublic budgets responsive to the needs of both women and men by incorporangtheir needs in budgetary analysis,planning and allocaons.In ensuring that women can access the jusce system, UN support has beenextended to train judges and magistrateson women’s rights and gender analysis,resulng in enhanced knowledge,awareness and enforcement of women’srights as enshrined in internaonaltreaes. As Gender Based Violence (GBV)and HIV and AIDS are oen intertwined,assistance has also been provided indeveloping the Gender OperaonalPlan on gender-sensive HIV/AIDSintervenons.The UN has also supported theempowerment of refugee men and women to improvetheir standard of living by involving them in incomegenerang acvies, raising awareness of genderissues, encouraging parcipaon, teaching basicmanagement skills, and lobbying for the inclusionof women in camp leadership structures. Eorts arebeing made to promote the proporon of women inleadership posions in food management commieesand by enhancing the capacity of women to negoateand decide on the use of food.The Tanzania Gender in Educaon Iniave (TGEI)connues to advocate for gender issues in educaon,training teachers to apply gender-responsive teachingmethods and enhancing child parcipaon in speakingout on concerns related to child marriage, earlypregnancy and the spread of HIV and AIDS.In collaboraon with the Tanzania Media WomenAssociaon (TAMWA), editors and journalists on theMainland and Zanzibar have been trained on gendersensive reporng and on gender based violence.As a result of improved invesgave journalism skillsgender based violence and other discriminatory issueswere uncovered, followed up and reported on.The 2011 Gender Fesval brought togetherapproximately 5,000 gender acvists from every regionof Tanzania and abroad to discuss common objecvessuch as a more egalitarian distribuon of naturalresources, including water, gender-responsive and pro-poor budgeng, a gender-responsive health sector andacons to prevent gender based violence.
Through the trainings provided by TAWJA, Judges and Magistrates areapplying women’s rights and the Convenon Eliminang All Forms of Discriminaon Against Women (CEDAW) in court proceedings
 P  h  o t   o b  y  :  F  e l   i   x  l   d  r  i   d  g e U N W o m e n

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