Earlier payroll systems used the systems which were more than process time sheets, print payroll checks and keeptotal number of annual wages and deductions.The old payroll system is an inexpensive method of performing the payroll process. old payroll means that you, oranother employee within your company, calculate the payroll each pay period entirely on paper. You will need tocalculate taxes, insurance, 401K, and any other applicable deductions in addition to each employee's actualearnings. The advantage of using a manual system is that it is very inexpensive, with virtually no start-up costs.
Characteristics of MIS :1. Management oriented:
The system is designed form the top to work downwards. It does not mean that the system is designed to provideinformation directly to the top management. Other levels of management are also provided with relevantinformation.
Q3. Normally when we review a potential software suppliers, we tend to focus only on the potential product’s
functionality and cost. Though these elements are important, the methodology neglects other areas of importance. What are the key selection criteria for ERP software.(listing the criteria for various departments- 5 marks, explaining the necessary questions- 5 marks) 5+5 marksAnswer : Selection criteria for ERP software :Step 1: Evaluation
Form an evaluation committee that includes top management, functional experts and end-users from the differentdepartments within your company. Consider hiring external consultants to assist. Throughout the selectionprocess, end each step with a consensus of all members to gain enterprise-
wide acceptance of the ﬁnal ERP
Step 2: Make An Assessment
Assess your existing business processes and the scale of your operation, so you can determine what’s being done
well. Identify the gaps or key challenges that can be solved with the help of an ERP system.
Q4. a. List the major subsystems of manufacturing and production planning module.(listing
4 marks)Answer : Major subsystems of manufacturing and production planning module :Manufacturing Module :-
This module enables an enterprise to marry technology with business processes to create an integrated solution. Itprovides the information based upon which the entire operation should be run. It provides the freedom to changemanufacturing and planning methods, as need change.Some of the major subsystem of the manufacturing are1. Material and capacity planning2. Shop floor control3. Quality management4. Repetitive manufacturing5. Cost management
b. Explain the various modules in detail with example(explanation-4 marks, examples- 2 marks)Answer : Various modules :
A systematic procedure of module-based modeling is designed and proposed to develop a simulation of any flow-type multistage manufacturing system adopting especially the dual-card kanban system.
Master Data -
includes the material master, work centers, routings and bill of materials.
Q5. Explain the relation between output variety and the type of manufacturing process with a neat diagram(Diagram- 2 marks, explanation- 8 marks) 10 marksAnswer : Relation between output variety and the type of manufacturing process :
The quality of the output product always depend on the inputs and manufacturing processes . The variation inoutput is directly related to processes used in the manufacturing .