Designed to aerate soil. Lawn aerationincreases the uptake of oxygen, water and nutrients bygrass roots whilst encouraging the development of roots at greater depths. The process improves soildrainage and reduces the loss of fertilisers due to runoff. Aerators penetrate the earth with either solidspikes (spike aerators) or hollow spikes (coreaerators). Core aerators are typically more effective inhelping to reduce compaction by removing small plugs of soil. Aerators often come in the form of arectangular frame with 2-5 hollow tines which aredriven into the ground by foot. There are also spikedaerating shoes and drum aerators which are rolledover the lawn.