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Notes to Sefer Yetzirah

Notes to Sefer Yetzirah

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Published by jwr47
Early philosophy generally had been based on vowel symbolism to design the divine names, eventually to be paralleled by other basic concepts for the ego-pronouns and followed by the design for the days of the weeks as illustrated in the appendix I.
Sabian philosophy, based on 7-fold Chaldean planetary system, is not consistent to Greek philosophy as described in Timaeus and the Hebrew concepts in the Sefer Yetzirah. The allotment of the Seven Letters is not found in the ancient copies of the "Sepher Yetzirah".
The basic system seems to have been started as a trinity-based system (based on I, A, U or Ι, Α, Ω), for generating the five long vocals â, ê, î, ô, û, which gradually expanded to the 5-fold Latin system (based on the vowels A, E, I, O, U) and culminated in the 7-fold Greek vowel system (based on A, E, H, I, O, Y, Ω).
Sometimes the letter “H” has not been interpreted as a vowel ā or e, but left as a vowel symbol “h” (probably interpreted as an “eta” or” “æ”). See the appendix for these cases ĪHŌA, IHE, etc...
The basic trinity concepts may also be expressed by the leading trinity vowels ΙΑΩ in the 7-fold ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ (Jehovah), suggesting some expansion phases in which the concepts had been evolving by adding vowels in a sequence, following a pattern I, IA, IAU or ΙΑΩ, IAUA, IEOUA IHEHOUA, ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ...
Early philosophy generally had been based on vowel symbolism to design the divine names, eventually to be paralleled by other basic concepts for the ego-pronouns and followed by the design for the days of the weeks as illustrated in the appendix I.
Sabian philosophy, based on 7-fold Chaldean planetary system, is not consistent to Greek philosophy as described in Timaeus and the Hebrew concepts in the Sefer Yetzirah. The allotment of the Seven Letters is not found in the ancient copies of the "Sepher Yetzirah".
The basic system seems to have been started as a trinity-based system (based on I, A, U or Ι, Α, Ω), for generating the five long vocals â, ê, î, ô, û, which gradually expanded to the 5-fold Latin system (based on the vowels A, E, I, O, U) and culminated in the 7-fold Greek vowel system (based on A, E, H, I, O, Y, Ω).
Sometimes the letter “H” has not been interpreted as a vowel ā or e, but left as a vowel symbol “h” (probably interpreted as an “eta” or” “æ”). See the appendix for these cases ĪHŌA, IHE, etc...
The basic trinity concepts may also be expressed by the leading trinity vowels ΙΑΩ in the 7-fold ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ (Jehovah), suggesting some expansion phases in which the concepts had been evolving by adding vowels in a sequence, following a pattern I, IA, IAU or ΙΑΩ, IAUA, IEOUA IHEHOUA, ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ...

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Notes to Sefer Yetzirah
The Book of Creation
TheSefer Yetzirah"Book of Creation" describes how the universe was created by the "God of Israel" by the Ten Numbers and the Twenty-Two Letters of the Hebrew alphabet.The vowel symbolism seems to have been restricted to the three letters of the TetragrammatonYodh(Ī),He (Ā),Waw(Ū). According to the
 Mothers of Reading 
the generated variants however may be varied in many ways:
1
st
letter: Ī, Ē or Ǣ
2
nd
and 4
th
letter: Ā or E
1
3
rd
letter: Ō or ŪThe results may be ranging from:
ĪĀŌ, ĪĀŪ, ĪEŌ, ĪEŪ, ĒĀŌ, ĒĀŪ, ĒEŌ, ĒEŪ, ǢĀŌ, ǢĀŪ, ǢEŌ, ǢEŪ and even
(with a consonant J at the
1st
position): JĀŌ, JĀŪ, JEŌ, JEŪ
(with a consonant H at the 2
nd
position): ĪHŌ, ĪHŪ, ĒHŌ, ĒHŪ, ǢHŌ,ǢHŪ
(with a consonant V/W at the 3
rd
position): ĪĀV, ĪĀW, ĪEV, ĪEW, ĒĀV, ĒĀW, ĒEV, ĒEW, ǢĀV, ǢĀW, ǢEV, ǢEW
 Analysis of the Permutations
2
If we skip all divine names without a leading “I” or “J” the list is to be reduced to the following 6letter permutations:
ĪĀŌ, ĪĀŪ, ĪEŌ, ĪEŪ, ĪHŌ
, ĪHŪ, in which only IHU has not been found in therelevant lists of names. Obviously (except for 
Ἀϊά)
the first letter was not allowed to be permutatedto Ē or Ǣ. The
IOA
-permutation seems te be an uncommon exception (used in the
Septuagint).
Additionally found is
IOU, IU, JOV, YOH, YOW
(for the Latinazed Jupiter-Jove region) and
JEH
(in which the H-letter probably escaped the permutations). The permutation of the second letter to“O” had been used in the Latinazed Jupiter-Jove region and has not been following the Hebrew
 Mothers of Reading.
Sefer Yetzirah's alphabet
The alphabet itself has been structured as follows (alternative vowels have been highlighted inyellow):
Three "Mother" Letters (
 
Aleph→ air,Mem→ water, Shin→ fire)
Seven "Doubles" (Bet,Gimel,Dalet,Kaph,Pe,Resh, Taw) representing the seven days of  the week and the planets.
Twelve "Simples" (
 
3
, Tsade, Qoph) corresponding to the twelve Hebrew months of the year.
1The letter E probably should be as long (→ Ē) as all other vowels2Permutations of the Trigrammaton YHW3In Hebrew a consonant, but developing to the vowels Greek  Ο, Latin O
 
Vowels in the early Semitic Alphabet
From the early Semitic alphabet only the four consonants namedAleph,He,Waw, Yodh, managed to develop vowels:
Aleph→ mostly ā,
He→ mostly ā or e,
Waw→ ō or ū,
Yodh→ ī, ē or ǣ. Notably all produced vowels generally are
long 
vowels.Sometimes the letter “H” has not been interpreted as a vowel ā or e, but left as a vowel symbol “h”(probably interpreted as an “eta or” “æ”).The Greeks created the long O (O-Mega) from the short O (O-micron).The two sounds "e" and "o" are not archaic, because the original vowels in Hebrew, as in theother Semitic tongues are only
a, i, u,
that is to say e and o always arise from an obscuringor contraction of these three pure sounds (A.E. Cowley - Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar,1988Oxford Clarendon Press p. 35)
4
.The five initial Semitic vocals (A, E, U, I, O) do not correspond to seven planets. And originally probably only three
a, i, u
had been fundamental vowels at all. However the intermediate vocalsmay have been in use to represent 7 stages with the help of 3 or 5 symbolic parameters.
Matres Lectionis
Matres Lectionisallow four Hebrew consonants Aleph,He, Waw, Yodhto represent vowels (ê, ệ, ậ, â, ô - ê, ệ, ậ, â, ô - ô, û – respectively î, ê, ệ).Generally the
 Mothers of Reading 
may generate 5 long vowels from the Hebrew consonants(A,I,H,V):
â, ê, î, ô, û
. These five vocal elements may have existed from the earliest stage, but probably they have been updated later from the basic elements A, I, U.In Hebrew the vowel generator mechanisms are
,
,
 (or 
vav
) and
(or 
 yud 
): theletters Aleph and the three letters of the Tetragrammaton.Considered as a consonant in Hebrew language the fifth letter [Ayin→ ō (Ω) or ū] is missing in thisscheme. The Phoenician letter  Ayin however has been used to generate the letters O and (expanded in Greek) Ω, which in Hebrew scripture had been covered by the existing consonantsHe, Wawand Yodh.
 
The Tetragrammaton
The Tetragrammaton has been based onYodh 
5
,He 
6
, Waw
7
.Many people believe that all the letters in Yahweh’s Name are consonants, but that is not thecase either. In fact, each letter in His Name is a vowel-consonant or semivowel
8
.The corresponding vowels may have beenYodh(I),He(E or A),Waw(U): IEU and IAU. IEU has been identified as an ego-pronoun in Provencal language and a vowel core in Dieu (God).IAU has been identified as an ego-pronoun inJauer (a dialect of Romanshthat is spoken in the Val  Müstair ), named after their ego-pronoun («jau»).
Jeve (Ieue)
Written in vowels the Tetragrammaton reads IEU or IEUE, but the written form IEVE
9
might have been derived from an Egyptian root IAO (Yodh–  Aleph–  Ayin), which also belongs to the valid  permutations:Prior to being labeled Yahweh, the Israelite god was called "Baal." signifying the sun inthe Age of Taurus. When the sun passed into Aries, "the Lord's" name was changed tothe Egyptian Iao, which became YHWH, IEUE, Yahweh, Jahweh, Jehovah and Jah.This ancient name "IAO/Iao" represents the totality of "God," as the "I" symbolizesunity, the "a" is the "alpha" or beginning, while the "o" is the "omega" or end.In parallel
Jeve
had been commemorated in:
 jeudi 
, the French word for Thursday - from latin
dies Iovis
(→ « jour deJupiter »,
 Ieu
, the Provencal ego-pronoun
 Dieu
Jove (Ioue)
One of 
Ieve
-variants is
Jove
, which seems to be related to Jupiter-Jove. The permutation of thesecond letter H to “O” has not been supported by the
.The Jove-variants have beendeveloped according to another rule.Jove had been commemorated in
(→Jovedi), the Italian Thursday- from latin
dies Iovis
(→ giorno diGiove).
 
, or placeholder for "O"/"U" vowel (see mater lectionis) 8(Weingreen, J.A.
 Practical Grammar for Classical Hebrew
, Clarendon Press, 1939, pp. 6-7; Harris, R. Laird.
 Introductory Hebrew Grammar 
, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Michigan, 4
th
Edition, 1955, p. 16; Marks,John H. and Rogers, Virgil M.
 A Beginner’s Handbook to Biblical Hebrew
, Abingdon, Nashville, 1958, p. 7; andHorowitz, Edward.
 How the Hebrew Language Grew
, Jewish Education Committee Press, 1960, pp. 333f.)
 from:Yahweh's

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