Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Papaya Production Eswar

Papaya Production Eswar

Ratings:
(0)
|Views: 10|Likes:
PAPAYA CULTIVATION
PAPAYA CULTIVATION

More info:

Categories:Types, Presentations
Published by: Dr.Eswara Reddy Siddareddy on Jul 16, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/16/2013

pdf

text

original

 
PAPAYA
Botanical name:
Carica papaya L. Family: Caricaceae.
Origin: Tropical America
Introduction: Papaya is one of the important fruit crops of tropical and subtropical
regions of the world. It has originated in tropical America and was introduced from
Philippines through Malaysia to India in the latter part of 16th century by Portuguese. It
is one of the few fruit crops that flowers and fruits throughout the year giving early (9-
10 months after planting) and high yields (about 100 tones per hectare).
Besides its use as a fresh fruit, Papayas can be processed as Jam, Syrup, Preserves,
Papaya candy, canned fruits, salad, and jelly. Papya is also a commercial source of
protease enzyme, ― 
Papain
.
Papaya fruit is highly nutritive and is very rich in Vitamin A. It improves digestion and
said to cure chronic constipation, piles and enlarged liver and spleen.
Normally papaya plants are Dioecious which bears male and female flowers
separately on different plants. There are Gynodioecious forms also which bears
female (Pistillate) and Hermaphrodite (Bisexual) flowers separately on different plants.
Male flowers are borne on long stalks and female and perfect flowers in small clusters
in leaf axils.
 
Climate: Papaya is essentially a tropical fruit crop and grows best insunny places. It
is very sensitive to frost but withstands extremes of temperature.Temperatures below
10OC will affect the growth and fruit set. It grows well in regions wheresummer 
temperature doesn‘t exceed 38OC but it can stand up to 48OC.It also
flourishes well in
regions up to an elevation of 1100m. It is adapted to a wide range ofrainfall conditions
ranging from 35cm to 250cm annually; however, excessive moistureadversely affects
the crop as well as fruit quality. It does not stand strong (80Km/Hour) or hot winds. Dry
climate during flowering often causes sterility while the same conditionsduring fruit
maturity add to the sweetness of the fruit.
Soils:
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->