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The relationship of organizational politics with the psychological health of employee an empirical study

The relationship of organizational politics with the psychological health of employee an empirical study

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Published by Tailor Latner
Master thesis by Mohammad Abdullah Shah Bukhari institute of managment sciences uob Quetta 2010-12
Master thesis by Mohammad Abdullah Shah Bukhari institute of managment sciences uob Quetta 2010-12

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Published by: Tailor Latner on Jul 16, 2013
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05/22/2014

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©Prepared By Mohammad Abdullah Shah Bukhari MBA Session 2010-12 Institute Of Management Sciences University Of Baluchistan Quetta Pakistan
pg. 1
The Relation Ship of Organizational Politics withPsychological Health of employee an Empirical Study.
 
16. Feb.2013.
 
Dr. Jahanvash Kareem
Lecturer, Institute of Management Sciences University of Baluchistan QuettaPakistan.
Mohammad Abdullah
Institute of Management Sciences University of Baluchistan Quetta Pakistan
(MBA Finance)
session 2010-12
Correspondence author:
Mohammad AbdullahAbdullah.bukhari.ptv@gmail.comCell: 00923458167252Class Enrollment: E-37
Abstracts
This study was conducted to describe the relation ship concerning organizational politics which isalso termed as office politics and psychological health of employees. After reviewing literatures it is concluded that the office politics have an adverse bearing on the psychological well-being of employees more over same is the universal perception. We decided to collect data using 
questionnaire. “7 & 5 scale Likert style rating questionnaire”. Different variables were used 
 Emotional intelligence; negative effects, positive affect, satisfaction with life; happiness and lifeorientation were the dependent variables of the study. Study (n= 150) employees of Quetta citywho were from sundry public and private sectors, response rate was 71 %. SPSS version 16 wasused for data analysis. And our findings were totally adverse of all prior theories in this regard. And we are going to unfold new knowledge on this topic. After doing a comprehensive data
analysis using “Simple Linear Regression and Correlation” it is concluded that office politics
have a positive bearing on psychological health of employees. If we want productivity from our employees we should reduce restriction as much as possible. Unleashed employees are more
likely to be motivated as compare to their counterparts’ restricted ones.
Key words:
Organizational Politics, Flourishing, Employee Psychological Health, Office Politics
 
©Prepared By Mohammad Abdullah Shah Bukhari MBA Session 2010-12 Institute Of Management Sciences University Of Baluchistan Quetta Pakistan
pg. 2
ntroduction
Firs of all understandwhat politics is? Basically politics is theuse of power or put the power intoaction can be formally defined as
“Intentional behaviors that are aimed at
enhancing the influence in order to protect
vested interests”.
Organizational politicsreferred to those activities that are notrequired as a formal role in the organizationsetting. All organizations are subject toconflict and competition between the desiresand interests of different departments, teamsand individuals.Organizational politicsrefers to the processes through which theserival interests are played out and eventuallyreconciled. While in an ideal organization itmay be hoped that decisions are made on arational basis, politics is inherently non-rational and subject to power interactions between miscellaneous interests.Understanding the political system of anorganization is necessary for a leader tooperate effectively and reach their goals. Aleader, exercising power, is able to have astrong influence on the political climate of an organization through their decisions, their way of handling conflict and providingrecognition, support and inspiration to their teams.
 
 Negative organizational politics may be verydestructive for an organization. This has been identified as one of the major sourcesof stress within modern businesses. Negative politics includes the use of subversivemethods to promote a personal agendawhich may undermine organizationalobjectives, divert energy away fromorganizational goals and compromise theinterests, cooperation and fulfillment of other employees. Such tactics may includefiltering or distortion of information, non-cooperation, allocating blame, reprisals,dishonesty, obstructionism and threats.Often, political behavior and maneuveringwithin an organization is caused byuncertainty, such as unclear objectives, poorly defined decisions, competition andchange. A leader's influence may be used tosmother a political climate that promotessuch negative politics.By promoting a positive culture that valuesintegrity, respect and fairness within their team, the leader is able to channel people'sinterests and energy away from negative political interplay and towards an alignmentwith organization objectives. Allowing teammembers to express their interests anddemonstrating a commitment to supportindividual needs integrates their fulfillmentsinto the work organization and promotes the positive resolution of political conflicts.Constructive politics are good in the shortas well as in the long run in contrast of their counter party distractive politics my rarely benefit in the short run but not at all in thelong run. Destructive people are myopic andalways found disturbed due to the negativethinking and jealousy due to which theycannot see anybody happy there.The objectives of the study are to scrutinizethe Correlations between Organizational politics and psychological health.Identification of pertinent negative featuresfrom the organizational perspective. The present research was developed toreexamine the factors organizational
 politics’ impacts to psychological health of 
employees, and provide valid evidence for  both the psychological health and newmeasure of Organizational politics.
2. Literature Review
Skillful and appropriate use of organizational politics is necessary for a leader to acquire andretain power and to accomplish major goals. Although political behavior can be unethical anddestructive, it also can and should be ethical and contribute to a balanced set of interests. Perhapswe can join Aristotle in viewing organizational politics as a means of reconciling differences
I
 
 
©Prepared By Mohammad Abdullah Shah Bukhari MBA Session 2010-12 Institute Of Management Sciences University Of Baluchistan Quetta Pakistan
pg. 3
through consultation and negotiation, and as a means of creating order out of diversity whileavoiding abuses. As Adolf Berle wrote in 1969 (p.562-3):Potentially Unethical Political Strategies and Tactics (Adapted from Dubrin p.203-4, 227-8) anytechnique of gaining power can be unethical if practiced in the extreme and with negativeintentions. For example, a person who supports a boss by feeding him or her insider informationthat could affect the price of company stock is being unethical.Pfeffer (1992, p.30) defined politics as the processes, the actions, the behaviors through which potential power is utilized and realized.Another author (Dubrin, 2001, p.192) defined organizational politics as informal approaches togaining power through means other than merit or luck. It could be argued that politics are used primarily to achieve power, either directly or indirectly, e.g., by being promoted, receiving a larger  budget or other resources, or gaining desirable assignments.Factor Contributing to Political Behavior in Organizations (Morgan, 1986, p.142) it is useful toremember that in its original meaning, the idea of politics stems from the view that, whereinterests are divergent, society should provide a means of allowing individuals to reconcile their differences through consultation and negotiation.(Morgan, p.148) An organization's politics is most clearly manifested in the conflicts and power  plays that sometimes occupy center stage, and in the countless interpersonal intrigues that providediversions in the flow of organizational activity. Politics occurs on an ongoing basis, often in away that is invisible to all but those directly involved.(Morgan, p.155) As Scottish sociologist Tom Burns has pointed out, most modern organizations promote various kinds of political behavior because they are designed as systems of simultaneouscompetition and collaboration. People must collaborate in pursuit of a common task, yet are often pitted against each other in competition for limited resources, status, and career advancement..(Adapted from Morgan, p.195-8) There is a danger when becoming sensitized to political behavior that one begins to see everything as political, to develop a Machiavellian interpretationthat suggests that everyone is trying to outwit and outmaneuver everyone else. Rather than use politics to generate new insights and understandings that can help deal with divergent interests.Exercising Control over Dysfunctional Politics (Loosely based on Culbert & McDonough, 1985;Dubrin, 2001, and Pettigrew, 2003) although necessary, organizational politics can hurt anorganization and its members when carried to excess. Too much politicking can result in lower morale, higher turnover, and wasted time and effort, thereby lowering performance. To avoidthese negative consequences, leaders should combat political behavior when it is excessive anddysfunctional.(Adapted from Morgan, p.194-5) After reflecting on the realities of political dynamics and behaviors in organizations, it seems appropriate to reevaluate the myth of a highly rational,objective, non-political organization. The idea of rationality seems to be invoked to overcome thecontradictions inherent in the fact that an organization is simultaneously a system of competitionand a system of cooperation. An emphasis on rationality could lead us to construct an organizationthat does not manage the diversity of interests present and, therefore, is ineffective and unstable.
3. Research Variables
Research conducted on the basis of organizational politics and psychological health relation.
Research determined the impact of organizational politics on employee’s’ psychological health.

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