Written by Lou Soiles for the Graduate School Christian Fellowship © IVCF/GFM Harvard University, 2001
He let them see him, touch him, talk to him. V. 4 in the NRSV says, "While 'staying' with them is "took salt together," an idiom for eating together. This act was the ultimate sign of physicality (in many Jewish traditions, angels could not eat human food) and intimacy.
What did the resurrection prove?
That God had vindicated Jesus' claims to be the Messiah. He was not "cursed" by God but rather vindicated and anointed by him (see Peter's sermon in Acts 2)
What did Jesus command his disciples to do?
Remain in Jerusalem and wait
What do you think the disciples might have been thinking when Jesus says, "do not leave Jerusalem?"If you were one of the disciples would you have wanted to wait there?What were they supposed to wait there for?
The promise of the Father
What might they have known about this promise?
A lot! There were a lot of OT passages that spoke of the promise of the Father to pour out his Spirit (e.g. Isa. 32:15; 44:3; Ezek. 36:25-28; 37:14; 39:29; Joel 2:28-31). But Jesus goes further. He doesn't just say, "Wait for the promise of the Father which you know about from your reading of the OT." Where did they hear about this from Jesus? The fullest recorded statement concerning the Holy Spirit comes in John 14-16. There Jesus says among other things, that the Spirit will be with them forever (Jn. 14:16), will teach them everything and remind them of everything jesus said to them (Jn. 14:26), will testify on Jesus' behalf (15:26), will be sent by Jesus (Jn. 16:7), will prove the world wrong (or convict the world) about sin and righteousness and judgement (Jn. 16:8), will guide them into all truth (Jn. 16:13).Luke records in his first folume Jesus' words, "When they bring you before the synagogues, the rulers and the authorities, do not worry about how you are to defend yourselves or what you are to say, for the Holy Spirit will teach you at that very hour what you ought to say" (Lk.12:11-12).So the disciples had heard a lot about the Holy Spirit but they hadn't yet experienced a lot of the Spirit. For this they had to remain in Jerusalem and wait.
What is the disciples' question in v. 6? Why did they ask this question? Where did it come from? Whatwere the key things Jesus talked about in the previous section (vv. 105)?
The Kingdom of God and the promise of the Holy Spirit. In the OT the references to the KOG and the outpouring of the Spirit were all in the context of Israel's restoration.
What do the disciples assume, take for granted, in their question?
That the Kingdom would be restored to Israel.
Because Scripture predicted it. For example, Joel 2:28-32 (which Peter will quoted in his Pentecost sermon) talks about the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. Joel continues in 3:1-21 by talking of the coming of the great and terrible day of the Lord,when God would "restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem." visit the Gentile nations with judgement, break their oppression of Israel, and restore Jerusalem as the center of his diving presence.