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Ltc 1624

Ltc 1624

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Published by: vetchboy on May 14, 2009
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03/17/2012

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1
LTC1624
FEATURESDESCRIPTION
    U
s
N-Channel MOSFET Drive
s
Implements Boost, Step-Down, SEPICand Inverting Regulators
s
Wide V
IN
Range: 3.5V to 36V Operation
s
Wide V
OUT
Range: 1.19V to 30V in Step-DownConfiguration
s
±
1% 1.19V Reference
s
Low Dropout Operation: 95% Duty Cycle
s
200kHz Fixed Frequency
s
Low Standby Current
s
Very High Efficiency
s
Remote Output Voltage Sense
s
Logic-Controlled Micropower Shutdown
s
Internal Diode for Bootstrapped Gate Drive
s
Current Mode Operation for Excellent Line andLoad Transient Response
s
Available in an 8-Lead SO Package
s
Notebook and Palmtop Computers, PDAs
s
Cellular Telephones and Wireless Modems
s
Battery-Operated Digital Devices
s
DC Power Distribution Systems
s
Battery Chargers
TYPICAL APPLICATION
    U
The LTC
®
1624 is a current mode switching regulatorcontroller that drives an external N-channel power MOSFETusing a fixed frequency architecture. It can be operated inall standard switching configurations including boost,step-down, inverting and SEPIC. Burst Mode
TM
operationprovides high efficiency at low load currents. A maximumhigh duty cycle limit of 95% provides low dropout operationwhich extends operating time in battery-operated systems.The operating frequency is internally set to 200kHz, allowingsmall inductor values and minimizing PC board space. Theoperating current level is user-programmable via an externalcurrent sense resistor. Wide input supply range allowsoperation from 3.5V to 36V (absolute maximum).A multifunction pin (I
TH
 /RUN) allows externalcompensation for optimum load step response plusshutdown. Soft start can also be implemented with theI
TH
 /RUN pin to properly sequence supplies.
Figure 1. High Efficiency Step-Down Converter
++
SENSE
I
TH
 /RUNV
FB
GNDV
IN
BOOSTTGSWLTC16241000pF100pFC
C
470pFR
C
6.8kD1MBRS340T3C
B
0.1
µ
FR235.7kR120kC
OUT
100
µ
F10V
×
2M1Si4412DYL110
µ
HR
SENSE
0.05
 C
IN
22
µ
F35V
×
2V
OUT
3.3V2AV
IN
4.8V TO 28V
1624 F01
, LTC and LT are registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation.
Burst Mode is a trademark of Linear Technology Corporation.
High Efficiency SO-8N-Channel SwitchingRegulator Controller
APPLICATIONS
U
 
2
LTC1624
ABSOLUTEMAXIMUMRATINGS
      WW      W
 
U
Input Supply Voltage (V
IN
).........................36V to –0.3VTopside Driver Supply Voltage (BOOST)....42V to –0.3VSwitch Voltage (SW)..................................36V to –0.6VDifferential Boost Voltage(BOOST to SW)....................................7.8V to –0.3VSENSE
VoltageV
IN
< 15V..................................(V
IN
+ 0.3V) to 0.3VV
IN
 
15V..........................(V
IN
+0.3V) to (V
IN
–15V)I
TH
 /RUN, V
FB
Voltages............................ 2.7V to 0.3VPeak Driver Output Current < 10
µ
s (TG)....................2AOperating Temperature RangeLTC1624CS............................................0
°
C to 70
°
CLTC1624IS.........................................40
°
C to 85
°
CJunction Temperature (Note 1).............................125
°
CStorage Temperature Range.................65
°
C to 150
°
CLead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec)..................300
°
C
PACKAGE/ORDER INFORMATION
      W U    U
ORDER PARTNUMBERS8 PART MARKING
TOP VIEWV
IN
BOOSTTGSWSENSE
I
TH
 /RUNV
FB
GNDS8 PACKAGE8-LEAD PLASTIC SO12348765
T
JMAX
= 125
°
C,
θ
JA
= 110
°
C/W
LTC1624CS8LTC1624IS816241624I
Consult factory for Military grade parts.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
T
A
= 25
°
C, V
IN
= 15V, unless otherwise noted.
SYMBOLPARAMETERCONDITIONSMINTYPMAXUNITSMain Control Loop
I
IN
V
FB
Feedback Current(Note 2)1050nAV
FB
Feedback Voltage(Note 2)
q
1.17811.191.2019V
V
LINE REG
Reference Voltage Line RegulationV
IN
= 3.6V to 20V (Note 2)0.0020.01%/V
V
LOAD REG
Output Voltage Load Regulation(Note 2)I
TH
Sinking 5
µ
A
q
0.5 0.8%I
TH
Sourcing 5
µ
A
q
0.50.8%V
OVL
Output Overvoltage Lockout1.241.281.32VI
Q
Input DC Supply Current(Note 3)Normal Mode550900
µ
AShutdownV
ITH/RUN
= 0V1630
µ
AV
ITH/RUN
Run Threshold0.60.8VI
ITH/RUN
Run Current SourceV
ITH/RUN
= 0.3V0.82.55.0
µ
ARun Pullup CurrentV
ITH/RUN
= 1V50160350
µ
A
V
SENSE(MAX)
Maximum Current Sense ThresholdV
FB
= 1.0V145160185mVTG Transition TimeTG t
r
Rise TimeC
LOAD
= 3000pF50150nsTG t
f
Fall TimeC
LOAD
= 3000pF50150nsf
OSC
Oscillator Frequency
q
175200225kHzV
BOOST
Boost VoltageSW = 0V, I
BOOST
= 5mA, V
IN
= 8V4.85.155.5V
V
BOOST
Boost Load RegulationSW = 0V, I
BOOST
= 2mA to 20mA35%T
J
= T
A
+ (P
D
• 110
°
C/W)
Note 2:
The LTC1624 is tested in a feedback loop which servos V
FB
tothe midpoint for the error amplifier (V
ITH
= 1.8V).
Note 3:
Dynamic supply current is higher due to the gate charge beingdelivered at the switching frequency. See Applications Information.The
q
denotes specifications which apply over the full operatingtemperature range.LTC1624CS: 0
°
C
T
A
 
70
°
CLTC1624IS: –40
°
C
T
A
 
85
°
C
Note 1:
T
J
is calculated from the ambient temperature T
A
and powerdissipation P
D
according to the following formula:
 
3
LTC1624
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
    U      W
Efficiency vs Load CurrentV
OUT
= 3.3V
LOAD CURRENT (A)
    E    F    F    I    C    I    E    N    C    Y    (    %    )
1009590858075700.0010.1110
1624 G08
0.01V
OUT
= 5VV
IN
= 10VR
SENSE
= 0.033
LOAD CURRENT (A)
    E    F    F    I    C    I    E    N    C    Y    (    %    )
1009590858075700.0010.1110
1624 G07
0.01V
OUT
= 3.3VR
SENSE
= 0.033
V
IN
= 5VV
IN
= 10V
Efficiency vs Input VoltageV
OUT
= 3.3V
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)0
    E    F    F    I    C    I    E    N    C    Y    (    %    )
1009590858075701525
1624 G09
5102030I
LOAD
= 1AV
OUT
= 3.3VR
SENSE
= 0.033
I
LOAD
= 0.1A
Efficiency vs Load CurrentV
OUT
= 5VEfficiency vs Input VoltageV
OUT
= 5VInput Supply Current vsInput VoltageBoost Line Regulation
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)0
    B    O    O    S    T    V    O    L    T    A    G    E    (    V    )
65432101525
1624 G04
510203035I
BOOST
= 1mAV
SW
= 0VBOOST LOAD CURRENT (mA)0
    B    O    O    S    T    V    O    L    T    A    G    E    (    V    )
65432101525
1624 G06
5102030V
SW
= 0VV
IN
= 15VV
IN
= 5V
Boost Load Regulation
TEMPERATURE (
°
C)–40
    B    O    O    S    T    V    O    L    T    A    G    E    (    V    )
6.05.55.04.54.03585
1624 G15
151060110135I
LOAD
= 1mALOAD CURRENT (A)
    V
    I    N
  –    V
    O    U    T
    (    V    )
0.70.60.50.40.30.20.10
1624 G11
00.51.01.52.02.53.0R
SENSE
= 0.033
V
OUT
DROP OF 5%
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)0
    S    U    P    P    L    Y    C    U    R    R    E    N    T    (
     µ
    A    )
70060050040030020010001525
1624 G05
510203035SLEEP MODEV
FB
= 1.21VSHUTDOWN
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)0
    E    F    F    I    C    I    E    N    C    Y    (    %    )
1009590858075701525
1624 G10
5102030I
LOAD
= 1AV
OUT
= 5VR
SENSE
= 0.033
I
LOAD
= 0.1A
V
IN
– V
OUT
Dropout Voltagevs Load CurrentBoost Voltage vs Temperature

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