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Reaping the Benefits of Trade and Investment Integration in South East Europe

Reaping the Benefits of Trade and Investment Integration in South East Europe

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In 2007, the Western Balkan economies and the Republic of Moldova ratified the
new Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) 2006. Emerging from a
network of more than 30 bilateral free trade agreements, it created a unified trade
market of nearly 30 million consumers. In co-operation with the CEFTA Secretariat, the European Commission and the Government of Hungary, since 2007 the OECD Investment Compact for South East Europe has provided support to the CEFTA Committees in monitoring the implementation of investment-related provisions and the elimination of non-tariff barriers.
In 2007, the Western Balkan economies and the Republic of Moldova ratified the
new Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) 2006. Emerging from a
network of more than 30 bilateral free trade agreements, it created a unified trade
market of nearly 30 million consumers. In co-operation with the CEFTA Secretariat, the European Commission and the Government of Hungary, since 2007 the OECD Investment Compact for South East Europe has provided support to the CEFTA Committees in monitoring the implementation of investment-related provisions and the elimination of non-tariff barriers.

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Published by: OECD Global Relations on Jul 17, 2013
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11/04/2013

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IMPLEMENTING THE CEFTA 2006 AGREEMENT:
Reaping the beneits o tradeand investment integration inSouth East Europe
 
APPROACH
The conclusions contained in this brochure are the result o close collaborative process involvingthe OECD Investment Compact, the governments o the eight signatories economies to theCEFTA 2006 –
 Albania
,
Bosnia and Herzegovina
,
Croatia
,
the ormer Yugoslav Republic oMacedonia
,
the Republic o Moldova, Montenegro
,
Serbia
and
UNMIK/Kosovo
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the CEFTA bodies and the CEFTA Secretariat, as well as the private sector and civil society. This processspanned three years and included analyses – both quantitative and qualitative – o intra-regionaltrade and investment ows, reviews o institutions, policies and legislation, and policy dialogue withstakeholders through working groups and roundtables.
1
 
Throughout the brochure, “UNMIK-Kosovo” reers to “the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo on behal o Kosovo inaccordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244.”
 
In 2007, the Western Balkan economies and the Republic o Moldova ratiied thenew Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) 2006. Emerging rom anetwork o more than 30 bilateral ree trade agreements, it created a uniied trademarket o nearly 30 million consumers. The Agreement provided or the immediateliberalisation o trade in industrial products and the gradual liberalisation o tradein agricultural products and services.In addition to implementing traditional trade-related liberalisations such as tari reductions and elimination o non-tari barriers, CEFTA 2006 obliges the adheringParties to undertake certain commitments: to co-ordinate their investment policies, progressively open their government procurement markets and eectivelyprotect intellectual property rights. As such, CEFTA 2006 constitutes a trulymodern and ambitious ree trade agreement.In co-operation with the CEFTA Secretariat, the European Commission and theGovernment o Hungary, since 2007 the OECD Investment Compact or South East Europe (OECD-IC) has provided support to the CEFTA Committees in monitoringthe implementation o investment-related provisions and the elimination o non-tari barriers.This brochure contains the main conclusions rom this work conducted with theCEFTA signatory Parties on issues including:
NATIONAL TREATMENT RESTRICTIONS AND BILATERAL TREATIES
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
TRADE INTEGRATION, INDUSTRY CONCENTRATION AND FDI INFLOWS
NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT
It highlights key achievements, major challenges and oers recommendations togovernments on ways to improve policy implementation so that the economieso the Western Balkans are able to seize all o the opportunities or investment,growth and development that the CEFTA 2006 treaty oers.
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