THE PALMS TO PROVIDE GUR
Sugar yielding Palms are known to mankind for theireconomic potentialities. Palm Belt in the world roughly extendsfrom 44 degrees South latitude to 45 degrees North latitude and widely encompasses the tropical countries like Congo, India-china, Sri Lanka, India Bangladesh, Indonesia and Malaysia.The Palm, botanically known as Palmate, has beentermed the princess of the vegetable kingdom. The family of palms contains some 1,100 species, widely diffused over theglobe, but they are common in the tropical countries.In India, there are four varieties of sugar-yielding palms Date, Coconut, Palmyrah and Sago. Their names areas follows :1. The Palmyrah Palm (Borassus flabellifermis)2. The Date Palm (Phoenix sylvestris)3. The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera)4. Indian Sago Palm (Caryota urens)It is impossible to over estimate the utility of palms. They give food, shelter, timber, fuel, building materials, sticks, fiber, paper starch, sugar, oil wax, wine,tannin, dyeing materials, resin and a host of minor products.Palms thrive on non-agricultural lands, on the banksof streams, rivers and canals, on undulating hill slopes and sandy lands which are normally unfit for cultivation. They donot require much attention. NEERA Neera, the sweet sap of the Palm, is fast becominga popular drink on account of its highly nutritive value,delicious taste and agreeable flavor. It requires neither mechanical crushing, as in the case of cane, nor leaching likethat of beet-root; it is obtained by slicing the spathes of thePalmyra, Coconut and Sago Palms, and scraping the tender most part, just below the crown, of the Date Palm.