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The Palms to Provide Gur

The Palms to Provide Gur

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Dr.Eswara Reddy Siddareddy on Jul 17, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Sugar yielding Palms are known to mankind for theireconomic potentialities. Palm Belt in the world roughly extendsfrom 44 degrees South latitude to 45 degrees North latitude and  widely encompasses the tropical countries like Congo, India-china, Sri Lanka, India Bangladesh, Indonesia and Malaysia.The Palm, botanically known as Palmate, has beentermed the princess of the vegetable kingdom. The family of palms contains some 1,100 species, widely diffused over theglobe, but they are common in the tropical countries.In India, there are four varieties of sugar-yielding palms Date, Coconut, Palmyrah and Sago. Their names areas follows :1. The Palmyrah Palm (Borassus flabellifermis)2. The Date Palm (Phoenix sylvestris)3. The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera)4. Indian Sago Palm (Caryota urens)It is impossible to over estimate the utility of palms. They give food, shelter, timber, fuel, building materials, sticks, fiber, paper starch, sugar, oil wax, wine,tannin, dyeing materials, resin and a host of minor products.Palms thrive on non-agricultural lands, on the banksof streams, rivers and canals, on undulating hill slopes and sandy lands which are normally unfit for cultivation. They donot require much attention. NEERA Neera, the sweet sap of the Palm, is fast becominga popular drink on account of its highly nutritive value,delicious taste and agreeable flavor. It requires neither mechanical crushing, as in the case of cane, nor leaching likethat of beet-root; it is obtained by slicing the spathes of thePalmyra, Coconut and Sago Palms, and scraping the tender most part, just below the crown, of the Date Palm.
The chemical percentage composition of Neera varies,depending on various factors, namely, place, type of palm, modeand season of its collectionOPERATIONS ON THE TREEThe Palmyra, Coconut and Sago Palms throw outspathes during the flowering season. When these spathes aretapped, exudation of the juice begins. Unlike these palms thetrunk of the Date Palm tree is tapped for extraction of thejuice. NEERA COLLECTIONIn almost all cases, Neera is collected every morning just at sunrise. Neera is brought down from the top ofthe tree in either earthen post or vessels, and then poured intostainless steel containers and bigger vessels, after beingfiltered through a fine mesh cloth or wire-mesh. Only neat,clean and sweet neera is so found. Any portion that is fermented is destroyed immediately.All Neera collected as above is brought to acentral place where it is processed. It contains all theconstituents of a cool and healthy drink with food and mineralvalue. It builds the body; keeps the human system cool and improves digestion. It can be consumed in fairly large quantity without any harm to the system FERMENTATIONFresh Neera, as it trickles from the tree, iseasily susceptible to fermentation at ordinary temperature,unless it is quickly treated with some preservative.PRODUCTS OF NEERA Gur, syrup, rab, sugar, candy confectionery, ice creamsand various sweets are produced from Neera GUR When Neera is converted into a solid or semi-solid crystal line mass it is called gur. It has got a wide use assweetening agent in Indian village food products. Palm gur has acharacteristic smell of its own.

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