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Muslim and Jewish Otherness in Spanish Nation-building Process Through Reconquista

Muslim and Jewish Otherness in Spanish Nation-building Process Through Reconquista

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Published by Farah

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Farah on May 14, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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MUSLIM AND JEWISH “OTHERNESS” IN THE SPANISHNATION-BUILDING PROCESS THROUGHOUT THE RECONQUISTA(1212-1614)A THESIS SUBMITTED TOTHE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCESOFMIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITYBYEVR 
İ
M TÜRKÇEL
İ
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREEOFMASTER OF SCIENCEINTHE DEPARTMENT OF EUROPEAN STUDIESAUGUST 2003
 
 iii
ABSTRACT
MUSLIM AND JEWISH “OTHERNESS” IN THE SPANISH NATION-BUILDING PROCESS THROUGHOUT THE RECONQUISTA (1212-1614)Türkçelik, EvrimM.Sc. Department of European StudiesSupervisor: Assist.Prof.Dr. Mustafa SoykutAugust 2003, 113 pagesIn 1492, the Catholic Monarchs Isabel and Ferdinand conquered Granada, thelast Muslim Kingdom in Spain, issued the edict of expulsion of Jews and chargedChristopher Columbus to find out a western route to Indies who by coincidencediscovered America. These three momentous events led to construction of Spanishnational unity and of the Spanish world empire. In this study, what we are lookingfor is the impact of the first two events, the conquest of Granada and the expulsion of the Jews, on the formation of the Spanish national unity and the Spanish nationhoodvis-à-vis Jews and Muslims in its historical context. In this study, the concept of nation-building would be employed not in economic but in political, religious andcultural terms. This study, by using the historical analysis method, found thatcenturies-long Muslim and Jewish presence in Spain and the Spaniards’ fight forexterminating this religious, cultural and political pluralism led to the formation of unitary Catholic state and society in Spain in the period under consideration.Keywords: Crusades, Reconquista, Catholic Monarchs, Spanish Inquisition,the Papacy, Christianity, Islam, Castile, Aragon, Morisco, Jews, Turks
 
 iv
ÖZ
RECONQUISTA BOYUNCA
İ
SPANYA’NIN ULUSLA
Ş
MA SÜREC
İ
 NDEMÜSLÜMAN VE YAHUD
İ
“ÖTEK 
İ
” K 
İ
ML
İĞİ
(1212-1614)Türkçelik, EvrimMaster, Avrupa Çal
ı
ş
malar 
ı
 Tez Yöneticisi: Yrd.Doç.Dr. Mustafa SoykutA
ğ
ustos 2003, 113 sayfa1492 y
ı
l
ı
nda, Katolik Hükümdarlar Isabel ve Ferdinand Granada’y
ı
 fethettiler, Yahudilerin
İ
spanya’dan sürülmesi amac
ı
yla bir ferman yay
ı
nlad
ı
lar veHindistan’a bat
ı
dan bir yol bulmak için yola ç
ı
kan ancak tesadüfen Amerika’y
ı
 ke
ş
feden Christopher Columbus’u görevlendirdiler. Bu üç önemli olay
İ
spanya’n
ı
nulusal birli
ğ
ini ve
İ
spanyol Dünya
İ
mparatorlu
ğ
u’nu kurmas
ı
na temel olu
ş
turdu. Buçal
ı
ş
mada, ilk iki olay
ı
n (Granada’n
ı
n fethi ve Yahudilerin sürülmesi), tarihsel ba
ğ
lam
ı
içerisinde, Yahudi ve Müslüman “öteki” kimli
ğ
i kar 
ş
ı
s
ı
nda
İ
spanyol ulusalkimli
ğ
inin ve ulusal birli
ğ
inin olu
ş
um sürecine etkisi ara
ş
t
ı
ı
lmaktad
ı
r. Ulusla
ş
makavram
ı
politik, dini ve kültürel aç
ı
lardan ele al
ı
nm
ı
ş
t
ı
r. Bu çal
ı
ş
ma, tarihsel analizyöntemini kullanarak,
İ
spanya’da yüzy
ı
llar süren Müslüman ve Yahudi varl
ı
ğ
ı
n
ı
n ve
İ
spanyollar 
ı
n bu dini, politik ve kültürel ço
ğ
ulculu
ğ
u yok etme mücadelesinin
İ
spanya’da saf Katolik devlet ve toplumun gerçekle
ş
mesinde söz konusu dönemdeoynad
ı
ğ
ı
rolü ortaya ç
ı
karm
ı
ş
t
ı
r.Anahtar kelimeler: Haçl
ı
Seferleri, Reconquista, Katolik Hükümdarlar,
İ
spanyol Engizisyonu, Papal
ı
k, H
ı
ristiyanl
ı
k,
İ
slam, Kastilya, Aragon, Morisco,Yahudiler, Türkler 

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