Bacterial artificial chromosome
(BAC)A vector used to clone DNA fragments (100- to 300-kb insert size;average, 150 kb) in
cells. Based on naturally occurring F-factor plasmid found in the bacterium
One of the molecules that form DNA and RNA molecules.
nucleotide,base pair,base sequence
(bp)Two nitrogenous bases (adenine and thymine or guanine and cytosine)held together by weak bonds. Two strands of DNA are held together in theshape of a double helix by the bonds between base pairs.
The order of nucleotide bases in a DNA molecule; determines structure ofproteins encoded by that DNA.
Base sequence analysis
A method, sometimes automated, for determining the base sequence.
The study of genes that may influence behavior.
The science of managing and analyzing biological data using advancedcomputing techniques. Especially important in analyzing genomicresearch data.
The use of biological organisms such as plants or microbes to aid inremoving hazardous substances from an area.
A set of biological techniques developed through basic research and nowapplied to research and product development. In particular, biotechnologyrefers to the use by industry of recombinant DNA, cell fusion, and newbioprocessing techniques.
Any harmful trait, physical or biochemical, present at birth, whether aresult of a genetic mutation or some other nongenetic factor.
A computer program that identifies homologous (similar) genes in differentorganisms, such as human, fruit fly, or nematode
Diseases in which abnormal cells divide and grow unchecked. Cancer canspread from its original site to other parts of the body and can be fatal.
hereditary cancer,sporadic cancer