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The full, translated text of Israel's Prawer Plan

The full, translated text of Israel's Prawer Plan

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Published by 972 Magazine
A translation of the Prawer Plan approved by the government in January. The plan calls for the forced removal of tens of thousands of Bedouin citizens of Israel from "unrecognized villages" in the Negev.
A translation of the Prawer Plan approved by the government in January. The plan calls for the forced removal of tens of thousands of Bedouin citizens of Israel from "unrecognized villages" in the Negev.

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Published by: 972 Magazine on Jul 18, 2013
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12/03/2013

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[
Emblem]
StateofIsrael
RegulatingtheStatusofBedouinSettlementintheNegev
SummaryoftheProcessofConsultationwiththePublicRegardingtheDraftLawfortheRegulationofBedouinSettlementintheNegevandRecommendationsRelatingtoPolicyandAmendmentstotheDraftLaw*
SubmittedtotheGovernmentby
Ze'evB.Begin
Jerusalem,12Shevat5773,23.1.13
*TranslatedbyAdalah–TheLegalCenterforArabMinorityRightsinIsraelandTheAssociationforCivilRightsinIsrael(ACRI)
 
2
A.Introduction
On11.9.11,thegovernmentapprovedDecisionno.3707,adoptingthereportoftheimplementationteamoftheGoldbergCommissionrecommendationsregardingtheissueoftheBedouinsintheNegev(Naqab),("thePrawerPlan").TogetherwithitadraftlawwaspublishedregardingtheregulationofthesettlementoftheBedouinsintheNegev.Thegovernment'sdecisionalsodeterminedthataspecialprocessofconsultationwiththepublicwouldbeconductedoverthecourseofsixweeks.Theconsultationprocesswasextendedtomorethanthreemonthsandincludedtensofmeetingswithindividuals,groupsandorganizations,mostlyfromtheNegev(Annex1).Theactivedialoguewiththepublicgaverisetoinsightswhichexposedtheneedforcertainchangesinthedraftlaw,butalsorevealedtheneedtopreservethebasicstructureofthelaw,includingthefinalityofthearrangementandtheprovisionofmeansnecessaryforrealizingit.Thisreportconcludesacomplexfive‐yearprocessfordetermininggovernmentpolicyregardingthismatterand,inaccordancewiththerecommendationsincludedherein,arevisedlawdraftwaspreparedbytheMinistryofJustice.Thefollowingpresentstheprincipalissuesandtheensuingrecommendations:
B.TheNationalFramework
ThedevelopmentoftheNegevisoneofthemostimportantnationaltasksinthecomingdecadeandthegovernmenthasdecidedtoadvanceitinvariousways.Thisdevelopmentisbased,amongotherthings,ontheMasterPlanforMetropolitanBeerSheba(Annex2),whichconstitutestheregionalframeworkforcomprehensiveplanningandforthedevelopmentofexistingandnewsettlements.Withoutformalizingthestatusoftheirsettlement,theBedouinswillnotbeabletobenefitfromthemanyresourcesthatwillbemadeavailabletotheNegevinthecomingyears,anditwillnotbepossibletofullyfulfillthetaskofdevelopingtheNorthernNegevforallofitsresidents.
C.TheNeed
TheBedouinsintheNegev,todaynumberingapproximately200,000persons,are
citizenswithequalrightsintheStateofIsraelandassuchareentitledtoaneconomic‐socialframeworkthatwillenablethemtorealizetheopportunitiesforgrowththatareavailabletocitizensofIsrael.
However,theBedouinsintheNegev
 
3
aremembersofthemostimpoverishedgroupinIsraelandtheirdestitutionisaccompaniedbysocialproblemsthatdemandacomprehensivesolution.Hence,itisthegovernment'sresponsibilitytotakeactioninordertoenabletheBedouinstoextricatethemselvesfromthesecircumstancesandtograntthem,andparticularlytheyoungergenerationthetoolsnecessarytosuccessfullycopewiththechallengesofthefuture.(Approximately120,000Bedouinsareundertheageof18,andtensofthousandsmorewillbeaddedinthecomingdecade)Muchworkneedstobedoneandtimeisshort.Inthecomingdecade,adevelopmentmomentumisexpectedintheNorthernNegevduetotherelocationofIDF[IsraelDefenseForces,Israeliarmy]campstotheBeerShebaregion.Approximately20billionShekelswereallocatedsolelyfortheconstructionofthesecamps,anditispossibletoassumethatanadditional,significantsumofmoneywillbeinvestedinthesurroundinginfrastructurefortheirdevelopmentneeds.Inthissituation,wehavebeforeusaspecialopportunityforcreatingconditionsthatwillmakeitpossiblefortheBedouincommunityintheNegevtobeapartoftheprosperityanticipatedfortheBeerShebaregion.A10yearoldchildwillbe20inadecadeandthetimetoproperlydevelophisabilitiesisinthecomingyears.Thenecessarysolutionforthisendis,however,complexandmulti‐faceted.TheGoldbergCommission(2008,Section72)relatedtothecomplexityofthesolution:"anintegrated,encompassingsolutionisrequiredtotheissueoflandandthemattersofsettlementplanning,employmentandeducation,asthesearepartofthequestionoftheconditionsoflifeinthesettlements(boththosethatarerecognizedandthosethatwillberecognized)".TheissueoftheBedouinsintheNegevinvolvesfundamentalquestionsregardingthedefinitionofproperrelationsbetweenthestateanditscitizens,betweenamajorityandaminority,betweensocietyasawholeandtheindividual,andbetweentheindividualandsociety.ThepublicdiscourseregardingthisissuealsoraisesdisputeswithinBedouinsocietybetweentraditionandchange,adultsandyouths,womenandmen,betweenBedouinswhoclaimownershipofpropertyandthosewhodonotmakethisclaim,betweenthosewhoclaimownershipoflandthatlayswithintheboundariesofrecognizedplannedsettlementsandthosewhoclaimlandoutsidethem,betweentheburdenofthepastandhopesforthefuture.ThelackoftrustofthegovernmentthattheBedouinsfeelhindersthisdiscourse,andtheslogansutteredbythosewhodenyanycompromise,BedouinsandJewsalike,threatenit.Duringthedialoguewiththepublic,weheardmanyexpressionsoftheBedouins'identificationwiththestateandtheirwishtosolvetheirproblems,sothattheywillnotbeaburdenandcanintegrateproperlyintoIsraelisociety.Moreover,wewerewitnesstothefeelingsofinjusticeandthedemandstoamenditandheardserious

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