PLANNING AND LAYOUT OF GARDEN DESIGNSFOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE AREAS
Planning of a garden:
In planning a garden, several factors like the size of the house and the spaceavailable for the garden, availability of water, cost of laying the garden and itsmaintenance, have to be taken into consideration. A garden is planted primarily to suitthe tastes of the people of the household and the locality, there is no rigid system ingarden planning and each system is open to modification to suit the environment andother local factors.
Essential points in planning:
In all the systems of gardening certain fundamental points have to be observedwhile planning. The important factors to be taken into consideration are presented here. Agarden should invariably have its central featured some prominent object like a building,statue, fountain or main building. Relatively less important objects like a bird hath arealso chosen. Though often called the central object, it need not necessary be in the middleof the garden not within the boundaries. An impressive object in the surroundings may be brought into the garden by laying accent on it. A mountain peak, a tall monument such asarcheological buildings, temples or huge tree or a dam or a reservoir may be the centralobject.If there is a vast open area it should be designed to give a mass effect. If the landin single stretch, the single level can be broken by providing terraces or sunken gardensor by making apportions with garden factures like hedger or herbaceous perennial borders. A lawn should form a green mantle or cover to cloths the garden. Flowers andflower beds should add colour, variety and the necessary finish. The trees, climbers andhedges should be situated in such places that they fit in with the situation and do not anyof the other factures. The tall factures like trees fence etc. should be towards the periphery of the compound and successively dwarfed features should occupy more andmore inner space till the centre is occupied by carpet beds and flower beds this helps tohave a panoramic view of the garden from the centre.
Garden is a place filled with plants of valuable and pleasurable nature. In view of rising urbanization, limited availability of ground space in house compound andincreasing environmental pollution, garden has received priority especially in city spherein planning of buildings, roads and public places.