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II Timothy 1 Commentary

II Timothy 1 Commentary

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Published by: GLENN DALE PEASE on Jul 18, 2013
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Written and edited by Glenn Pease
I quote many old and new authors, and one of my primary resources is Preceptaustin. I quotethis resource a great deal, but there is far more on this site that you can get by just typing thatname into Google. There are literally hundreds of sermons there on this text. I just include theirsummary comments. It was laborious to try and pick and choose what to add to this commentary,and so in the final verses I just add all that Preceptaustin has in comments. If any author does notwish their wisdom to be shared in this way, they can let me know and I will remove it. My e-mailis glenn_p86@yahoo.com
1. This letter of Paul has more negative emotions and comments than most of what Paul wrote. Itdeals with his dying, and the apostasy of many of his followers.2. M. F. Sadler, “It was written from Rome shortly before the mart3nrdom of the apostle. It waswritten chiefly to urge Timothy to come to him, all his other companions in the service of Christ(excepting Luke) being away. One, Demas, had deserted him ; others, as Tychicus, he had sentaway. But, though apparently sent for the purpose of urging Timothy to come to him quickly, itcontains the most precious exhortation to him, and through him to all ministers, " to make fullproof of their ministry," and this it does in the words of a dying man, who is " ready to beoffered, and the time of whose departure is at hand." Whatever special onslaughts of the evil onewere yet in store for him, we have his expression of faith that God would carry him triumphantlythrough all.”3. Preceptaustin, “This letter is Paul's last "will and testament" and therefore deserves everybeliever's careful attention and diligent study. As we see even in these introductory verses, deathcast no pall (loss of strength) or long standing shadow on the heart of this great man of God whotestified that it was well with his soul for he knew Whom He had believed (2Ti 1:12-note). MayGod grant all of us this same blessed assurance that it is well with our souls eternally in Christ.Amen...For me, be it Christ, be it Christ hence to live:If Jordan above me shall roll,
o pang shall be mine, for in death as in lifeThou wilt whisper Thy peace to my soul.It is well, with my soul,It is well, with my soul,It is well, it is well, with my soul.4. Spurgeon, “The second epistle to Timothy is remarkable as being probably the last which theapostle wrote; it contains dying advice, written in the immediate prospect of martyrdom. Lookingforward calmly to the grave, and with the executioner's axe in the foreground, Paul pens thisletter to his favourite disciple, and solemnly charges him to abide faithful unto death. (TheInterpreter)5. Allen Radmacher, “In light of mortality, what used to seem significant may dim in comparisonto one’s ultimate fate. That is why we listen to a person’s “last words.” When all is said and done,everyone wants to know what gave that person hope in the face of death. Second Timothy isPaul’s “last words.” From a cold, lonely Roman prison, the aged apostle Paul wrote his finalinstructions to his protégé Timothy. Paul knew that this letter might well be his final contact withTimothy; his execution was most likely imminent. He implored Timothy to come quickly to hisside. But in case he did not make it, Paul imparted his last words of encouragement to his “son”in the faith.6. Bob Deffinbaugh, “When Paul wrote 1Timothy, he had been freed from his first Romanimprisonment and was carrying on his ministry (in Macedonia? – see1 Timothy 1:3); as Paulwrites 2 Timothy, he is once again in prison, and this time he is not nearly as optimistic about theoutcome (2 Timothy 1:16; 2:9). Some have even suggested that Timothy may not have arrivedbefore Paul was executed. Paul’s last words to Timothy sound very much like a farewell address(2 Timothy 4:6-8). One definitely gets the feeling that Paul is passing the torch of leadership toTimothy, and to those who will succeed him. In 1 Timothy, Paul instructs Timothy how he shouldconduct his ministry in Ephesus; in 2 Timothy, Paul instructs Timothy how he should conducthimself and his ministry in the last days, in Paul’s absence.”7. William Barclay, “Paul's object in writing is to inspire and strengthen Timothy for his task inEphesus. Timothy was young and he had a hard task in battling against the heresies and theinfections that were bound to threaten the Church. So, then, in order to keep his courage highand his effort strenuous, Paul reminds Timothy of certain things.(i) He reminds him of his own confidence in him. There is no greater inspiration than to feel thatsomeone believes in us. An appeal to honour is always more effective than a threat of punishment.The fear of letting down those who love us is a cleansing thing.(ii) He reminds him of his family tradition. Timothy was walking in a fine heritage, and if hefailed, not only would he smirch his own name, but he would lessen the honour of his familyname as well. A fine parentage is one of the greatest gifts a man can have. Let him thank God forit and never bring dishonour to it.(iii) He reminds him of his setting apart to office and of the gift which was conferred upon him.
Once a man enters upon the service of any association with a tradition, anything that he doesaffects not only himself nor has it to be done only in his own strength. There is the strength of atradition to draw upon and the honour of a tradition to preserve. That is specially true of theChurch. He who serves it has its honour in his hands; he who serves it is strengthened by theconsciousness of the communion of all the saints.(iv) He reminds him of the qualities which should characterize the Christian teacher. These, asPaul at that moment saw them, were four.(a) There was courage. It was not craven fear but courage that Christian service should bring toa man. It always takes courage to be a Christian, and that courage comes from the continualconsciousness of the presence of Christ.(b) There was power. In the true Christian there is the power to cope, the power to shoulder theback-breaking task, the power to stand erect in face of the shattering situation, the power toretain faith in face of the soul-searing sorrow and the wounding disappointment. The Christian ischaracteristically the man who could pass the breaking-point and not break.(c) There was love. In Timothy's case this was love for the brethren, for the congregation of thepeople of Christ over whom he was set. It is precisely that love which gives the Christian pastorhis other qualities. He must love his people so much that he will never find any toil too great toundertake for them or any situation threatening enough to daunt him. o man should ever enterthe ministry of the Church unless there is love for Christ's people within his heart.(d) There was self-discipline. The word is sophronismos (GS4995), one of these great Greek untranslatable words. Someone has defined it as "the sanity of saintliness." Falconer defines it as"control of oneself in face of panic or of passion." It is Christ alone who can give us that self-mastery which will keep us alike from being swept away and from running away. o man canever rule others unless he has first mastered himself. Sophronismos (GS4995) is that divinelygiven self-control which makes a man a great ruler of others because he is first of all the servantof Christ and the master of himself.”
1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, inkeeping with the promise of life that is in Christ Jesus,
1. Preceptaustin has comments on every word of this opening sentence, and this reveals just howmuch we tend to skip over without recognizing the truths being given to us. By looking at everydetail we become aware of the power of the Word, and why we need to live by every Word thatproceeds from the mouth of God. Paul was God's spokesman, and so every word he wrote is oneof those words from the mouth of God.“Apostle of Christ Jesus - Paul is saying he is the possession of Christ. He is not his own. Hebelongs to another. This is the perspective which every believer should seek to emulate and

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