Light and Matter
2002-2004 Benjamin CrowellAll rights reserved.rev. April 1, 2006ISBN 0-9704670-8-7Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this docu-ment under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike License, which can be found at creativecommons.org. Thelicense applies to the entire text of this book, plus all the illustra-tions that are by Benjamin Crowell. All the illustrations are byBenjamin Crowell except as noted in the photo credits or in paren-theses in the caption of the ﬁgure. This book can be downloadedfree of charge from www.lightandmatter.com in a variety of formats,including editable formats.