NURSERY RAISING IN BETEL NUT PALM
Commonly known as Areca nut
,it is a erect, solitarytree growing to 25 meters high with annular scars. Leaves about 2-3 meterslong with numerous leaflets, 60-90cm long. Spadix is branched andcompressed. Fruits are ovoid, smooth, orange to red when ripe; 4-6 cmlong, with a fleshy pericarp and fibrous mesocarp.
Traditionally a masticatory (betel chewing) insouth east Asia, India, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia : betelnut mixed with betel leaf and lime. In ayurvedic medicine, the nut isused in the treatment of headaches, fever and rheumatism
Areca nut contains :Alkaloids ( arecaine, 0.1%, arecoline,0.2%, arecaidine, arecolidine, guvacoline, guvacine, isoguvacine), tannin,15%; red fat, 14%; resin; choline; catechu.The tannin is located almostentirely in the kernel which decreases as the nut ripens.
Areca nut is propagated only by seeds. There arefour steps in selection and raising of arecanut seedlings
selection of mother palms, selection of seed nuts, germinationand raising the seedlings and selection of seedlings.
Selection of mother palm