businesses and personal consumers, but more importantly, and more
, itrepresents how the internet will be used tomorrow.
For example, many software businesses choose to offer downloads of theirproducts alongside boxed retail copies. Furthermore, some smaller business don
t havethe liquid capitol to invest in a printed run of box copies leaving online downloads astheir only means of revenue. If bandwidth were to be metered by the bit, it wouldessentially impose a de facto tax on every product sold as an online download. Adobe,an large company and important software developer for creative professionals offers tosell their ﬂagship product Photoshop CS4 Extended online as a download. This already$700 program comes in at 1012 megabytes, or a little more than 1 gigabyte. Time-Warner
s budget tier, adds ﬁfteen dollars to the already $700 program by charging $15for 1GB/month, not including overages [cio.com].
New pricing plans such as metered internet that increase cost while notincreasing quality are a symptom of only a few controlling the internet infrastructureused by many. Plans such as these as well as other schemes such as ﬁltering contentand deep packet inspection, where information sent and received by customers is readand either deleted or slowed down per company policies retard the growth of newtechnologies and businesses as well as presenting a conﬂict of interest. Newbusinesses that have better technologies, content, or ideas that compete with InternetService Providers will be stiﬂed by slowed communiqué or have their online existenceessentially black-balled. Furthermore, the companies such as AT&T, Version, andComcast that currently own the infrastructure are often part of a larger parent company.Therefore it is not inconceivable that products and services not directly related to the
The Internet Must Be Treated as a Public Utility