How Solar Panels/Cells are made.
Solar panels are nothing more than modules of solar cells or photovoltaiccells. These cells are made of different layers of material that help the cells perform their function. There are six different layers on the Photovoltaic Cell.They are the
N-type (negative) silicon, P-type (positive) silicon, the back contact, thefront contact grid, the anti-reflective covering, and the glass cover.
The silicon is in its crystalline form which is created when a silicon atomlinks with other silicon atoms. This is important for the PV Cell. The silicon hasto be modified a bit to work as a solar cell because silicon is a poor conductor.The silicon in the solar cells is doped (adding impurities on purpose) with phosphorous atoms so it has impurities in it that change the way the siliconworks and cause the silicon to help the PV cell. The phosphorous atoms in thesilicon give the silicon a negative charge because the phosphorous atom has oneextra electron with is released when the phosphorous atom links with the siliconatoms. The extra electrons take less energy to knock the electrons from their