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Table Of Contents

Preface
PART I
I.An Introduction to Clusters
Chapter 1
CHAPTER 1
Cluster Architecture
Modern Computing and the Role of Clusters
Uniprocessor Computers
Centralized multiprocessors
Multicomputers
Types of Clusters
Distributed Computing and Clusters
Limitations
My Biases
Chapter 2
CHAPTER 2
Cluster Planning
Design Steps
Determining Your Cluster’s Mission
Architecture and Cluster Software
Cluster Kits
CD-ROM–Based Clusters
Benchmarks
Hierarchical Integration (HINT)
Chapter 3
CHAPTER 3
Cluster Hardware
Design Decisions
Installing Linux
Virtual Network Computing (VNC)
Cluster Security
PART II
II.Getting Started Quickly
openMosix
What Is openMosix?
How openMosix Works
Selecting an Installation Approach
Installing a Precompiled Kernel
Using openMosix
Installing OSCAR
Security and OSCAR
Using switcher
Using LAM/MPI with OSCAR
CHAPTER 7
Rocks
Installing Rocks
Managing Rocks
Using MPICH with Rocks
PART III
III.Building Custom Clusters
Chapter 8
CHAPTER 8
Cloning Systems
Automating Installations
Notes for OSCAR and Rocks Users
Chapter 9
CHAPTER 9
Programming Software
Programming Languages
Selecting a Library
LAM/MPI
MPICH
Other Programming Software
Notes for OSCAR Users
Notes for Rocks Users
Chapter 10
CHAPTER 10
Management Software
C3
Ganglia
Ganglia monitor core
Chapter 11
CHAPTER 11
Scheduling Software
OpenPBS
Chapter 12
CHAPTER 12
Parallel Filesystems
Parallel Virtual File System (PVFS)
PVFS
Using PVFS
PART IV
IV.Cluster Programming
Chapter 13
CHAPTER 13
Getting Started with MPI
I/O with MPI
Broadcast Communications
Chapter 14
CHAPTER 14
Additional MPI Features
More on Point-to-Point Communication
More on Collective Communication
Managing Communicators
Packaging Data
Other Considerations
Chapter 16
CHAPTER 16
Debugging Parallel Programs
Debugging and Parallel Programs
Avoiding Problems
Programming Tools
Rereading Code
Tracing with printf
Symbolic Debuggers
Using gdb and ddd with MPI
Chapter 17
CHAPTER 17
Profiling Parallel Programs
Writing and Optimizing Code
Timing Complete Programs
Timing C Code Segments
Customized MPE Logging
PART V
V.Appendix
APPENDIX
References
Books
URLs
Index
P. 1
High Performance Linux Clusters with OSCAR, Rocks, OpenMosix, and MPI

High Performance Linux Clusters with OSCAR, Rocks, OpenMosix, and MPI

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To the outside world, a "supercomputer" appears to be a single system. In fact, it's a cluster of computers that share a local area network and have the ability to work together on a single problem as a team. Many businesses used to consider supercomputing beyond the reach of their budgets, but new Linux applications have made high-performance clusters more affordable than ever. These days, the promise of low-cost supercomputing is one of the main reasons many businesses choose Linux over other operating systems.This new guide covers everything a newcomer to clustering will need to plan, build, and deploy a high-performance Linux cluster. The book focuses on clustering for high-performance computation, although much of its information also applies to clustering for high-availability (failover and disaster recovery). The book discusses the key tools you'll need to get started, including good practices to use while exploring the tools and growing a system. You'll learn about planning, hardware choices, bulk installation of Linux on multiple systems, and other basic considerations. Then, you'll learn about software options that can save you hours--or even weeks--of deployment time.Since a wide variety of options exist in each area of clustering software, the author discusses the pros and cons of the major free software projects and chooses those that are most likely to be helpful to new cluster administrators and programmers. A few of the projects introduced in the book include:

MPI, the most popular programming library for clusters. This book offers simple but realistic introductory examples along with some pointers for advanced use. OSCAR and Rocks, two comprehensive installation and administrative systems openMosix (a convenient tool for distributing jobs), Linux kernel extensions that migrate processes transparently for load balancing PVFS, one of the parallel filesystems that make clustering I/O easier C3, a set of commands for administering multiple systems Ganglia, OpenPBS, and cloning tools (Kickstart, SIS and G4U) are also covered. The book looks at cluster installation packages (OSCAR & Rocks) and then considers the core packages individually for greater depth or for folks wishing to do a custom installation. Guidelines for debugging, profiling, performance tuning, and managing jobs from multiple users round out this immensely useful book.

To the outside world, a "supercomputer" appears to be a single system. In fact, it's a cluster of computers that share a local area network and have the ability to work together on a single problem as a team. Many businesses used to consider supercomputing beyond the reach of their budgets, but new Linux applications have made high-performance clusters more affordable than ever. These days, the promise of low-cost supercomputing is one of the main reasons many businesses choose Linux over other operating systems.This new guide covers everything a newcomer to clustering will need to plan, build, and deploy a high-performance Linux cluster. The book focuses on clustering for high-performance computation, although much of its information also applies to clustering for high-availability (failover and disaster recovery). The book discusses the key tools you'll need to get started, including good practices to use while exploring the tools and growing a system. You'll learn about planning, hardware choices, bulk installation of Linux on multiple systems, and other basic considerations. Then, you'll learn about software options that can save you hours--or even weeks--of deployment time.Since a wide variety of options exist in each area of clustering software, the author discusses the pros and cons of the major free software projects and chooses those that are most likely to be helpful to new cluster administrators and programmers. A few of the projects introduced in the book include:

MPI, the most popular programming library for clusters. This book offers simple but realistic introductory examples along with some pointers for advanced use. OSCAR and Rocks, two comprehensive installation and administrative systems openMosix (a convenient tool for distributing jobs), Linux kernel extensions that migrate processes transparently for load balancing PVFS, one of the parallel filesystems that make clustering I/O easier C3, a set of commands for administering multiple systems Ganglia, OpenPBS, and cloning tools (Kickstart, SIS and G4U) are also covered. The book looks at cluster installation packages (OSCAR & Rocks) and then considers the core packages individually for greater depth or for folks wishing to do a custom installation. Guidelines for debugging, profiling, performance tuning, and managing jobs from multiple users round out this immensely useful book.

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Publish date: Nov 16, 2004
Added to Scribd: May 16, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780596153434
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