The application needs to do lots of things
So what things do we need for the app?
Rails is for database-centric apps
like the ticket sales system
You create a new application with
the rails command
Now you need to add your own code
to the default app
Scaffolding is GENERATED code
There are no tables in the database yet!
Create the table by running a migration
Sweet! You saved your buddy's job!
To modify an app, you need to
dig into the app's architecture
The 3 parts of your app:
model, view, and controller
The 3 types of code are kept
in SEPARATE folders
The files in the VIEW need to be edited
Edit the HTML in the view
The application needs to store
more information now
A migration is just a Ruby script
Rails can generate migrations
You need to run your migration with rake
But changing the database isn't enough
Scaffolding does WAY too much
Let’s start by generating the
... and then we’ll actually create
the table using rake
But what about the controller?
The view is created
with a page template
The page template contains HTML
A route tells Rails where
your web page is
The view doesn’t have
the data to display app
So what should the page show?
An array is a numbered
sequence of objects
Read all of the ads with
a for loop
We need HTML for each
element in the array
Rails converts page templates
into Ruby code
Loops can be added to page
templates using scriptlets
On each pass of the loop, the
page generates one link
So what does the generated
HTML look like?
But what about the new static
content MeBay sent over?
People want to post new ads online
Saving data works just the
OPPOSITE of reading data
You need a form to submit data
and an action method to save it
Are forms and objects related?
Rails can create forms that are
associated with model objects
The @ad form object has
not been created
The form object needs to be created
before the form is displayed
Each page template now has a
matching controller method
The form doesn’t send an object
back, it sends DATA back
Rails needs to convert the data into an
object before it can be saved
The controller create method,
The controller needs to save the record
Don’t create a new page, use an existing one
But how can a controller action display
ANOTHER action’s page?
Redirects let the controller specify
which view is displayed
But what if an ad needs to be amended
after it’s been posted?
Updating an ad is just like
creating one... only different
Restricting access to a function
... but now old ads need to be deleted
Doing it yourself gave you the power
to do more than scaffolding
Keep fit with the Rubyville Health Club
The application actually looks pretty close
We’re going to fix the scaffolding
Design the search function
Let’s start by building the form
Add the search to the interface
How do we find client records?
There’s a finder for every attribute
We need to match either the client name
OR the trainer name
Finders write database queries
We need to be able to modify the
conditions used in the SQL query
Use :conditions to supply SQL
Watch out—there’s bad data in the room
Validation code goes in the MODEL
Rails uses validators for simple validation
So how do validators work?
Let’s check if something is a number
Users have been leaving out data
on their workout forms
How do we check for mandatory fields?
Validators are simple and work well
Something strange has happened at MeBay
Coconut Airways need a booking system
We need to see flights and seat
Let’s look at what the seat
scaffolding gives us
You can pass local variables to a partial
We also need a partial for the seat list
People are ending up on the wrong flights
A relationship connects models together
But how do we define the relationship?
But some people have too much baggage
We need to write our OWN validation
We need the REVERSE relationship
The system’s taken off at
There’s a new offer at Coconut Airways
Which parts of a page change most?
Doesn’t the browser always update
the entire page?
So what ELSE can make a request?
First we need to include the Ajax libraries
...then we need to add an Ajax “Refresh” link
The browser needs to ask for an update
But SHOULD we make the browser ask
over and over again?
You listen to a timer like you listen
to a button
Someone’s having trouble with their
The form needs to make an Ajax request
The form needs to be under the
We need to replace the create method
So what effect does this code have?
There’s a problem with the flight bookings
We only know how to update one part
of the page at a time
The controller needs to return
Now we need the map data
What do we need to generate?
We’ll generate XML from the model
A model object can generate XML
What will the controller code look like
Meanwhile, at 20,000 feet
We need to generate XML and HTML
XML and HTML are just representations
How should we decide which format to use?
How does the map page work?
The code is ready to go live
RSS feeds are just XML
We’ll create an action called news
We have to change the structure of the XML
So we’ll use a new kind of template:
an XML builder
Now let’s add the feed to the pages
On top of the world!
Too many incidents!
The map could show more details
We can extend the map using Ajax
But how do we convert the index page?
What will the “show” action need to generate?
The new map functionality is a success!
We need to create requests using Ajax, too
The map partial lets us specify a
How do we PROVE an incident was saved?
The form needs to update the contents of
the pop-up’s <div>
How things works now
We could have an “Edit” link in the pop-up
We’ll start by modifying the “edit”
And we’ll also need a new link on the
So how do we use the link_to helper?
Ajax links to the rescue
We’re using the wrong route!
The HTTP method affects the route that’s chosen
So what’s an HTTP method?
Head First Climbers needs you!
Look! It’s a big Ruby “Try this” page
Web apps need testing too
So what kinds of tests are available?
So how do you change the database?
The web application that went astray
Living on the Edge
Getting more information
A little light reading
Head First books on related topics