Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Tantra PapA brief comparison of Kashmir Shaivism and Ananda Marga Tantra Yoga by Chien Hui Liu

Tantra PapA brief comparison of Kashmir Shaivism and Ananda Marga Tantra Yoga by Chien Hui Liu

Ratings: (0)|Views: 537|Likes:
Academic paper on A brief comparison of Kashmir Shaivism and Ananda Marga Tantra Yoga

Academic paper on A brief comparison of Kashmir Shaivism and Ananda Marga Tantra Yoga

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Acarya Shubhacetanananda Avadhuta on Jul 21, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/04/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 PARA 7285 Hindu TantrismFinal Paper:
A brief comparison of Kashmir Shaivism and Ananda Marga Tantra Yog
byChien Hui Liu
 
The Definition, history and phenomenon of Tantra
 Definition of Tantra
The term Tantra is a very difficult term to categorize from its definition, phenomenon, history as well as practices. As Herbert Guenther put,
Tantrism is probably one of the haziest notions and misconceptions the Western mind hasevolved 
1
. According to Brian K. Smith from Encyclopedia of Religion, the termTantra, derives from the Sanskrit root
tan-
, which means
to extend, stretch, expand
.Thus, Tantra can mean
succession, unfolding, continuous process or extension
.Tantra can also refer to as
ritual framework 
or 
interweaving of rites
from VedicShrauta Sutras. Other meanings include,
expansion of knowledge
or 
weaving of various threads into a text
or a synonym for 
“a
system of thought
2
.From Anandamurti
s perspective, there are two ways to interpret the meaning of the word, Tantra. The scriptural definition of Tantra is
Ta jd  ́ yt trayet yastu sah
tantrah parikiirttitah
 
 – 
Tantra is that which
liberates a person from the bondages of staticity
.
Ta
is the acoustic root of dullness or inertness. So, the process that bringsliberation from the state of staticity is called Tantra
3
. There is another meaning of Tantra according to him. The word Tantra is derived from
tan + trae +
 ́a
. The root
1
Encyclopedia of Religion, Second edition,
Tantrism: Hindu Tantrism
by Brian K. Smith (2005),p.8987
2
Encyclopedia of Religion, Second edition,
Tantrism: Hindu Tantrism
by Brian K. Smith (2005),p.8987
3
 
Tantra and Sadhana
in Tantra Volume Two by Shri Shri Anandamurti
 
verb
tan
 
means “to expand”. “
The process by which one attains liberation from all bondages by strengthening and expanding one
’ 
s entitative existence
is called Tantra
4
.Tantra is related closely to practical aspect of spirituality, thus
 sdhan
 
(spiritual practice) and Tantra are inseparable.Anandamurtii also propounded that Tantra is not a religion, but a way of life, asystem of 
 sdhan
, no matter what one
s religious affiliation, cast, or gender might be.The aim is to awaken the dormant
jiivashakti
(unit force), known as
kulakud  ́alinii
 
and elevate it to the final attainment of merging in
 Brahmabhva
(CosmicConsciousness). He rejects the notion that Tantra as a more recent version of Vedicrituals and maintains that Tanra is certainly older than Veda
5
.
 History of Tantra
The origin and history of Tantra is again hard to find a congruent scholar statement. Some think that Tantrism originated in Buddhist, as the oldest knownTantric texts are Buddhist,
Guhyasamaja Tantra
dates back to the third century CE.David G. White states that the term Tantrism is a nineteenth-century westerninvention which refers to a set of heterodox religious teachings. With the fall of theimperial Guptas in 550 CE, the country was in constant flux of low-cast rulers. Thesekings used
shamanic
ascetic practitioners to endow supernatural powers making
4
 
The Intuitional science of Tantra
in Tantra Volume Two
5
 
Tantra and Indo-Aryan Civilization
in Tantra Volume Two

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->