PACKAGING OF FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES
S ESWARA REDDY
Packaging is an important consideration in vegetable and fruit market. The use of properlydesigned containers for transporting and marketing of vegetables can significantly reducetheir losses and maintain their freshness succulence and quality for longer period. Packagingalso provides protection from mechanical damage and undesirable physiological changesand pathological deterioration during storage, transportation and marketing.Many vegetables are transported in gunny bags of bamboo baskets. Packaging materialsuch as polythene films, paper boars, and boxes lived with polythene and other materialscan effectively prolong the shelf life of vegetables. By using plastic films vegetables can beprotected from dry air. Polythene packaging, provides modified atmosphere andconsequently reduces decay, softening , and loss of solids. The thickness and permeabilityto CO2, O2 and water vapour of films needs to be standardized for each vegetable.