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Sea-santa Elena Agreement, Jatropha Curcas

Sea-santa Elena Agreement, Jatropha Curcas

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Published by: Wellington G. Gallardo on Jul 21, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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All rights reserved.
No part of this PROJECT may be republished in any form whatsoever,electronic, or mechanical — without expressed written consent from the promoter, the companyEtanolsa S.A., of Guayaquil, Ecuador, finangallardohotmail.com.
Disclaimer And/Or Legal Notices
The information presented herein represents valuable and proprietary information for developingbiofuel projects in Ecuador only under the patronage of Etanolsa S.A., Wellington Gallardo,President.
Etanolsa S.A.
is an Ecuadorian corporation exclusively engaged in developing agro-industrialprojects to convert carbohydrates into ethanol and biodiesel in Ecuador, using sugarcane, cassavaroots, agriculture waste of banana crops, and
as feedstock.The production and use of fuels using vegetable oils has been with man since the days of RudolphDiesel when he first demonstrated biodiesel derived from peanut oil. Today’s world of GlobalWarming and Climate Change, high fuel prices, at this moment the barrel of oil is over US$100.00dollars, and uncertain political realities has created a new and intensified interest in Biofuels.Etanolsa S.A. has been actively working in gathering fertile lands to develop the cultivation of  jatropha curcas under the best geographically conditions, mainly in the Peninsula of Santa Elena,and also in the near future operating and maintaining jatropha nurseries and jatropha plantationsthroughout the Peninsula of Santa Elena. Upon maturity of the Jatropha seedlings and a successfulharvest of the oil bearing seeds, we will process and refine the oil to produce biodiesel that can beused pure or mixed to create a biodiesel blend.The Jatropha oil and Jatropha biodiesel can be used in a number of applications ranging fromautomotive fuel to electric generation using a diesel generator. Auto manufacturers like Mercedesand Daimler-Chrysler are already trial running cars on Jatropha biodiesel with great results. Aside from our large scale activities Etanolsa S.A. is actively involved in a number of localcommunity based micro generation projects in the intercrop plantation. By enabling small localcommunities to get involved in various stages of the biodiesel process we are assisting them ingrowing towards economical independence and bringing the freedom and safety of a reliable power supply to areas that previously had none.We are ready to ensure sustained use of water supplies, land and natural resources, thedevelopment of biofuels must be planned, managed and maintained. Ecosystems and Rainforeststhrough out the world, that are being destroyed for the sake of biofuels, must be stopped. Other major considerations are land competition for food vs. biofuel production, considerations on habitatdestruction and animal species, availability of water, pollution of lands with fertilizers which can leadto soil erosion, safety of people who harvest phytoproducts for biofuel production and issues of developing large massive plants instead of small localized plants near the crops that will be used tomanufacture biofuels.
Jatropha curcas is a tough perennial tree could survive even in the desert, and could actuallystabilize soil and combat desertification, at the same time as its beans could be refined for dieselfuel.In Ecuador by employing and developing this cultivation projectseems to be hopeful momentum towards increasing use of 
biofuels worldwide and replacing the traditional derivative fossil diesel. The selected area of thePeninsula of Santa Elena has been devastating by high level of deforestation during the last 50years. Over 60% of The Peninsula of Santa Elena’s land has the right climate for growing JatrophaPrecisely in our JC cultivation project It is in the field of Bio Diesel fuel our main focus, however, thatJatropha’s properties are the most exciting. At same power output, Jatropha curcas oil specificconsumption and efficiencies are higher than those of diesel fuel. International Tests conductedshow that out of these various vegetable oils including copra, palm, groundnut, cottonseed,rapeseed, soya and sunflower - the lowest exhaust gas emissions were obtained with copra andJatropha Curcas crude oil.
There are still some inherent problems with Jatropha and research work is still required. We arelearning more and more about the properties of Jatropha. These potential problems include:1) Jatropha oil is hydroscopic - absorbs water and needs nitrogen blanketing on steel tanks. Oneissue that is quite clear is because Jatropha is high in acid, it has the tendency to degrade quickly,particularly if not handled properly through the supply chain. This will be well treated in our project2) Right from the time of expelling, the oil needs to be kept in storage conditions that prevent unduedegradation. Exposure to air and moisture must be minimized - hence the need for nitrogenblanketing on the tanks. Our technology will be implemented to prevent degradation.3) The range of fatty acids present in the various seeds will differ but the oil and biodiesel that isproduced must be acceptable. However, this assumes that that oil is fully degummed. Thedegumming may well be more of a problem than making biodiesel. Our technological contractorsare fully specialized to overcome this important issue.4) Seeds degrade as soon as they are picked and so careful storage and handling is required. Inthe warm humid atmosphere in countries the degradation of seeds can be rapid. Even in the U.K.seed storage is a problem. The free fatty acid must not increase above 2% according to our expertise.
Alternative feedstock in our project
The emerging industry worldwide is facing a lack of feedstock supplies and rising crude palm oil/soya oil prices and also the debate of crops for food versus fuel and needs initiatives in cropcultivation technologies and competitive sourcing of appropriate feedstock - all of which can alter the biofuel economics. As such the greatest challenges to the widespread deployment and use of biofuels is developing a dedicated energy crops that are cost-effective, easy to sustain and canproduce greater yields. JC cultivation as energy crop that produces biofuels and holds particular 
promise for sustainable development and a sustainable environment, Jatropha has been selectedas the one and other intercropping food crops.
Jatropha cultivation is a valuable multi-purpose crop to alleviate soil degradation, desertification anddeforestation, which can be used for bio-energy to replace petro-diesel, for soap production andclimatic protection, and hence deserves specific attentionJatropha can help to increase rural incomes, self-sustainability and alleviate poverty for women,elderly, men, rural communities, small farmers and finally large farmers. It can as well help toincrease income from plantations and agro-industries.There are various trees that are suitable for bio-diesel production. Out of all these trees, Jatrophamust be regarded as a sure inclusion and the foundation around which a good plan can be built if for nothing but its pure hardiness and stress handling ability. It is just a tree that has enoughcredentials. That is why many developing countries has been nominated JC cultivation as idealplant for biodiesel.
Carbon Savings
Biodiesel produced from jatropha is one of the most promising solutions for tackling the growing carbon emissions from transport.
Breaking the cycle of poverty
Consider that oil priced is too high per barrel has had a disproportionate impact on the poorestcountries, 38 of which are net importers and 25 of which import all of their oil; Developing countriesconsume roughly twice as much oil per dollar of GDP as the United States All the while, the high cost and Inaccessibility of fossil fuels, leaves approximately 2 billion peopleworldwide without reliable energy sources, without refrigeration, basic communication, heat, or evenlight.For developing countries, then, climate change and world’s energy policies are a source of oppression, a source of sickness and a source of human suffering.Since the two-thirds of the people in the developing world who derive their incomes from agricultureand Jatropha based biodiesel as the Santa Elena project has enormous potential to change their situation for the better and poverty can be broken by Jatropha Cultivation as this dedicated crop hasa huge potential for replication world -wide, improving the livelihood of many more. In our projectmore than 20,000 families will employed for all stages of JC cultivation including into its conversionof Biodiesel to be marketed domestically and worldwide and other derivative sub-products will anenormous impact on benefits of all our people in the Coastal Region of Ecuador. At the community level, farmers that produce dedicated energy crops can grow their incomes andgrow their own supply of affordable and reliable energy backed by our international project bymeans of investing US$200 Millions per Biofuel plant and 15,000 hectares of fertile lands along thePeninsula of Santa Elena.Our project at regional level, producing more biofuels will generate new industries, newtechnologies, new jobs and new markets. At the same time, producing more biofuels will reduceenergy expenditures and allow our nation to put more of their resources into health, education andother services for their neediest citizens inside our territory, covering more than 50,000 hectares.

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