Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Micro Propagation of Fuit Crops

Micro Propagation of Fuit Crops

Ratings: (0)|Views: 32|Likes:
Published by Eswara Reddy
MICRO PROPAGATION OF FUIT CROPS
MICRO PROPAGATION OF FUIT CROPS

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Eswara Reddy on Jul 22, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/22/2013

pdf

text

original

 
MICRO PROPAGATION OFFUIT CROPS
 
S ESWARA REDDY dr_esreddy@yahoo.co.in
Micro propagation (tissue culture or in-vitroculture) refers to the multiplication of plants, inaseptic condition and in artificial growth medium.From very small plant parts like meristem tip,callus embryos, anther etc. the German plantphysiologist Heberland in1902 first describedthe biological principles of tissue and organculture. After that rapid advantages have been
 
made in plant tissue culture. At present tissueculture finds extensive application in horticulturein several countries. Though some achievementshave been made, commercial utilization of tissueculture is still not to the satisfaction in all themajor crops .
Merits of Micro Propagation:
1. Tissue culture helps in rapid multiplication of true plats throughout the year.2. A new plant can be regenerated from aminiature plant part, whereas in conventionalmethods a shoot of considerable length isrequired.3. Large number of plants can be produced inculture tubes in small space with uniform growthand productivity of growing them in large area innursery.4. Plants raised by tissue culture are free fromdiseases.5. Tissue culture coupled with somatichybridization helps in evolving new cultivar in ashort time.
 
6. Micro propagation facilitates long distancetransport of propagation material and long termstorage of clonal materials.7. Tissue culture methods are not viable (malesterile) or not available easily (e.g. banana ) andin plant where propagation by conventionalmethods are expensive ( e.g. orchid ).
Demerits of Micro Propagation
:
1. The cost involved in setting up andmaintenance of laboratory is very high2. Tissue culture techniques require skill andmanpower.3. Slight infection may damage the entire lot of plants.4. Some genetic modification (mutation) of theplant may develop with some varieties andculture systems which may alter the quality of the produce.5. The seedling grown under artificial conditionmay not survive when placed under fieldcondition directly if thing is not given.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->