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Temperature
A short introduction to temperature - including Celsius, Fahrenheit, Kelvin and Rankine definitions - online temperatureconverter
Temperature (sometimes called thermodynamic temperature) is a measure of the average kinetic energy of a systems particles. Temperatureis the degree of "
hotness
" ( or "
coldness
"), a measure of the heat intensity.When two objects of different temperatures are in contact, the warmer object becomes colder while the colder object becomes warmer. Itmeans that heat flows from the warmer object to the colder one.
Temperature Converter
Convert between
o
C (Celcius),
o
F (Fahrenheit),

K (Kelvin )

o
R (Rankine)
with the calculator below:

1

o

o

o
Convert!Temperature Converter - Web App
Add theTemperature Converter Web Appto your mobile device or desktop. The App is saved in your browser and works offline on newer devices.
Degree Celsius (
o
) and Degree Fahrenheit (
o
)
A thermometer can help us determine how cold or how hot a substance is. Temperatures in science (and in most of the world) are measuredand reported in degrees Celsius (
o
). In the U.S., it is common to report temperature in degrees Fahrenheit (
o
). On both the Celsius andFahrenheit scales the temperature at which ice melts (water freezes) and the temperature at which water boils, are used as reference points.On the Celsius scale, the freezing point of water is defined as
o
, and the boiling point of water is defined as
100
o
.On the Fahrenheit scale, the water freezes at
32
o
and the water boils at
212
o
.On the Celsius scale there are
100 degrees
between freezing point and boiling point of water, compared to
180 degrees
on the Fahrenheitscale. This means that
1
o
C = 1.8
o
.Thus the following formulas can be used to convert temperature between the two scales:
= 1.8 t
+ 32 = 9/5 t
+ 32 (1)
= 0.56 (t
- 32) = 5/9 (t
- 32) (2)where
= temperature (
o
C)
= temperature (
o
F)
www.flukecal.comFluke® Provides a Wide Range of Temperature Calibrators, Get a Demo

7/17/13Temperaturewww.engineeringtoolbox.com/temperature-d_291.html2/4
Degree Celsius and degree Fahrenheit compared:Temperature
o
C
o
F-20-4-155-1014-52303254110501559206825773086359540104

7/17/13Temperaturewww.engineeringtoolbox.com/temperature-d_291.html3/4

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4511350122
Example
- A patient with SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) has a temperature of
106
o
. What is the temperature in Celsius?
= 5/9 (106 - 32) = 41.1
o
Temperature Conversion Table -
o
C vs
o
FKelvin - K
Another scale (common in science) is Kelvin, or the
Absolute Temperature Scale
. On the Kelvin scale the coldest temperature possible,
-273
o
, has a value of
0 Kelvin
(
0 K
) and is called
the absolute zero.
Units on the Kelvin scale are called Kelvins (
) and no degree symbolis used.Because there are no lower temperatures than
0 K
- the Kelvin scale does not have negative numbers.The Kelvin has the same incremental scale as the Celcius scale and one unit Kelvin is equal in size to one unit Celsius:
1 unit Kelvin = 1 unit
o
To calculate a Kelvin temperature, add 273 to the Celsius temperature:
= t
+ 273.16 (3)
Example
- What is the normal body temperature of
37
o
in the Kelvin scale?
= t
+ 273.16 = 37 + 273.16 = 310.16 K
Degree Rankine - R
In the English system the absolute temperature is in degrees Rankine
(
)
, not in Fahrenheit:
= t
+ 459.67 (4)
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