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Publican and Pharisee.

Publican and Pharisee.

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Published by glennpease

St. Luke xviii. 10-14.

" Two men went up into the temple to pray ; the one a
Pharisee, and the other a Publican.

St. Luke xviii. 10-14.

" Two men went up into the temple to pray ; the one a
Pharisee, and the other a Publican.

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Published by: glennpease on Jul 22, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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PUBLICA AD PHARISEE.REV. G. ECKPORD GULL B.A.St. Luke xviii. 10-14." Two men went up into the temple to pray ; the one aPharisee, and the other a Publican." The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself : God,I thank Thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners,unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. I fast twice inthe week, I give tithes of all that I possess." And the Publican, standing afar off, would not lift up somuch as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast,saying, God be merciful to me a sinner." I tell you, this man went down to his house justified ratherthan the other : for every one that exalteth himself shall beabased ; and he that humbleth hftnself shall be exalted.''ME have in all ages been taught by pictures.Images and figures, speaking both to theeye and the mind, have always been in commonuse. From the early stories about the gods downto modern works of fiction ; from the sculpturedwalls of the temples and palaces of Assyria andEgypt down to the picture galleries of our ownday, men have given and received instruction bymeans of pictures. God has so made us that mostmen are better able to receive truth when it is" embodied in a tale," or shown in a picture, than in156 PUBUCA AD PHARISEE.any other way. He who gave man this nature has
made use of it in revealing Himself to man.The Bible is full of pictures. Indeed, it may becalled a picture-gallery. ot such a one, however,as men construct, full of the unconnected works of artists of different ability — some teaching one thing,others another, and some teaching nothing at all — but all painted and arranged under one presidingMind, so as best to serve one great purpose.There are historical pictures, teaching much of God and man in old times. There are inspiredvisions of what is yet to come. There are events inthe lives of good and wicked men painted in livingcolours ; and there are imaginary pictures to illus-trate particular truths.Time would fail us to mention many of thesepictures, but none of us who have had a life-longacquaintance with them can forget the interest withwhich, even as children, we felt when we wereshown Joseph sold by his brethren, or Samuelwakened in the night by the voice of the Lord, orDavid drawing near to the armed giant with hissling balanced in his hand. We have learnt manylessons from the Bible pictures since those days,but we shall never forget how vividly they struck our childish fancy.One of these pictures is brought before us in ourtext — ^a well-known one. It probably does not re-present a fact, but illustrates in a supposed casewhat often happens. Moreover, it is directly bythe hand of Him who knew what is in man.The Pharisee and the Publican stand there in thecourt of the Temple at Jerusalem. They havecome to worship ; and for this purpose they facethe Sanctuary, the Holy Place, before which thesacrifices are offered, and which they have always
associated with the presence of God. The PhariseePUBLICA AD PHARISEE, 157is much nearer to the Holy Place than the Publican,who is standing afar oflf as though not daring tocome near it. The Pharisee speaks, but as he doesso, his eyes wander from object to object, and lastof all to the Publican. " God, I thank Thee thatI am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust,adulterers, or even as this publican. I fast twicein the week, I give tithes of all that I possess."The Publican can scarcely be heard ; for hishead is bowed down, and his voice low ; but as hesmites his breast we hear the words, " God be mer-ciful to me a sinner."That is all that is set before us ; but we are toldabout it that the Publican went down to his house justified rather than the Pharisee ; that is, as mostunderstand the original, the Publican went home justified and the Pharisee did not.The general lesson this picture is intended toteach us is that everyone that exalteth himself shallbe abased, and he that humbleth himself shall beexalted. That we may learn this lesson the better,and with it some others, let us keep the two menbefore us as they stand in the picture, and look first at — I. Their characters.The Pharisee was a very religious man in thecommon sense of the word. He valued the Word of God very highly, and tried to obey every letter of it. He was very particular about observing all the

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