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Establishing a Hoticultural Nursery is Easy

Establishing a Hoticultural Nursery is Easy

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Published by Eswara Reddy
ESTABLISHING A HOTICULTURAL NURSERY IS EASY
ESTABLISHING A HOTICULTURAL NURSERY IS EASY

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Published by: Eswara Reddy on Jul 23, 2013
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ESTABLISHING A HOTICULTURALNURSERY IS EASY 
S.ESWARA REDDY 
Setting up of a fruit nursery is a long term venture and needslot of planning and expertise. Mistakes committed initially on any aspectlike selection of soil, raising of right kind of cultivars/varieties, plantprotection measure, etc., reduce the financial returns greatly form theinvestment, besides wastage of time and energy.So, careful planning is needed before setting up anursery. The plan should show allocation of plots/area to differentcomponents of the nursery such as mother plants of differentfruits/cultivars, rootstocks, roads/paths, water channels, drainage system,buildings/other
structures, etc. Provision of certain basic pre-requisites is a mustfor raising a fruit nursery on modern lines.The vegetative propagation of fruit crops makes them vulnerable totransmission of several diseases and pests through the plant material. Thus, importance of testing of material in the process of its preparation at various stages needs due attentions.The large quantity of planting material required to meet the demands of farmers/orchardists in the coming years needs coordinated approach fromdifferent ICAR Institutes, State Agricultural Universities and State HorticultureDepartments.The targets of the enhancing fruit production in the coming years will beachieved only through production and distribution of healthy, genuine andhigh quality planting material of commercial/improved varieties of fruit crops insufficient quantities. The maintenance of purity is easy in vegetatively propagated crops
PROGENY TREES/MOTHER PLANTS
The bud sticks/graft wood should always be taken from healthy and true to type progeny trees of commercial/new varieties, which are free from viruses, disease and pestoccurrence. A nurseryman should have progeny trees of all the promising cultivarsof fruits that can be grown in that particular area.
Criteria for selection of mother plants
Mother plants of the variety should be genetically true to type.
 
The plants should be healthy and free from any diseases, pest infestationsand physiological disorders.
The plants should have known pedigree records regarding bearing potential, fruitquality ..
The plants should be precocious and prolific bearers.
Criteria for selection of rootstocks
i) Dwarfing /semi-dwarfing
ii) Compatibility with the known commercial variety
iii) Resistance/tolerance to biotic and a biotic stresses.Let us know aboutmango nursery.
MANGO VARITIES OF COMMERCE
North India :
Dashehari, Langra, S.B. Chausa, Lucknow Safeda,
Ratol, Gaurjeet, Bombay Green, Khasul Khas
South India :
 Neelum, Banglora, Mulgoa, Suvaranarekha, Banganpalli,Rumani, Raspuri, Badami
East India
:
Malda, Fazli, Himsagar, Kishenbhog, Gulabkhas, Jardalu
West India
:
Alphonso, Pairi, Malkurad, Kesar, Rajapuri, Jamadar 
Improved varieties
:
Amrapali, Mallika, Ambika, Arka Anmol, Arka Aruna,
 
Arka Neelkiran, Arka Puneet, Alfazli, AU Rumani,Ratna, Sindhu, Pusa Arunima
Raising of rootstocks
Mango seedlings grown from stones of seedling trees are used asrootstocks. Stones should be collected from vigorous, disease free andhigh yielding trees of seedling mangoes during July-August. Mango seedsare recalcitrant and lose viability very soon on desiccation. If the mangostones are not sown within a few days of their removal from the fruit,they can be stored under moist
 
condition in shade, covering with moist soil, sand or sawdust, etc.Before sowing stones should be immersed in water and floating stonesshould be discarded as they are not considered viable.Stones are sown during June to August, depending upon theripening season of the mango, in beds mixed with well decomposed farmyard manure at the rate of 8tonnes per hectare. When the seedlingsattain the age of 2-3 months, they should be transplanted in well prepared beds or poly bags.After transplanting, proper care should be exercised inirrigating the young transplanted seedlings. Attack of leaf cuttinginsects is common during rainy season, which may affect the growth of the seedlings adversely.Care should be taken well in advance for their control before damage.In frost prone areas, the rootstocks should also be protected from frost bythatching. Plant is allowed to grow as a single stem for six to eightmonths. When the plant attains pencil thickness or a little more, it isready for grafting.choose appropriate method of grafting for higher successrate.
can reach the author atdr_esreddy@yahoo.co.in20
th
june 2011

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