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Purging

Purging

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Published by sre_eram4160
Welding, Purging, Valves, Safety, Testing, SIL, NACE, Pumps, Oil & Gas Rotary Equipment, Rotating, Mechanical Seals, Mesh, Strainers,
Welding, Purging, Valves, Safety, Testing, SIL, NACE, Pumps, Oil & Gas Rotary Equipment, Rotating, Mechanical Seals, Mesh, Strainers,

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Published by: sre_eram4160 on Jul 23, 2013
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09/24/2013

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Purging whilewelding
 
02
Contents
03Introduction04Tempercoloursandcorrosionresistance07Classificationandactionofbackinggases08Criteriaforselectionoftheshieldinggas10Purgingtechniques,purgingrate,effectofpipelength12Purginghardwareandmeasuringinstruments13Condensationfilms,‘manganesestreaks’14Supplyinggasviahoses15Workplacesafetywhilepurging15References
 
Purging can enhanceyour weld quality byimproving corrossionresistance
 
03
Introduction
The primary reason for the wide use ofstainless steels is their general corrosionresistance. To ensure the operational safetyof weldments of high-alloy steels undercorrosive conditions, it is further necessary tomaintain the special characteristics of thesematerials when producing welded joints.The exposure to heat and oxygen during thewelding process results in the formation oftemper colours on stainless steels and othermaterials (e.g. titanium). These are bandsof various colours around the penetrationbead and adjacent parent material that canseverely reduce the corrosion resistance ofhigh-alloy materials, and usually must beavoided or removed.
Methods for removing temper colours are classied aschemical, electrochemical and mechanical. Pickling, a purelychemical process used to remove temper colours and otherimpurities from the workpiece surface through treatmentwith a mixture of various acids can often not be employed forreasons of availability and environmental protection. Devicesfor electrochemical removal of discolourations require manualoperation and are therefore only practical for use with smallerworkpieces. When blasting or using mechanical techniques(grinding, brushing) accessibility permitting, the requireddegree of removal or cleaning effect is often questionable. Inaddition, there is always the risk that stainless and non-alloyedsteel materials may be unintentionally mixed up. Shieldingthe weld root with an inert gas—via purging—presentsan alternative to these methods. Several aspects of theapplication and peculiarities of this technique are describedin the following.

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