in which an account of thegospelsis set forth, very different in tone from what one would be likely tohear from an Anglican clergyman" was "much more to Blair's own taste."
The ambiguity in his belief in religion echoed the dichotomies between his public and private lives:Stephen Ingle wrote that it was as if the writer George Orwell "vaunted" his atheism while Eric Blair the individual retained "a deeply ingrained religiosity". Ingle later noted that Orwell did not accept theexistence of an afterlife, believing in the finality of death while living and advocating a moral code based on Judeo-Christian beliefs.
In 1928, Orwell began his career as a professional writer in Paris. His first article,
Censorship in England
, was an attempt to account for the 'extraordinary and illogical' suppression of plays and novelson the grounds of public decency, then practised in Britain. His own explanation was that the rise of the 'puritan middle class', who had stricter morals than the aristocracy, tightened the rules of censorshipin the 19th century. Orwell's first article to be published in his home country,
A Farthing Newspaper
,was a critique of the new French daily, the
Ami de Peuple
. This paper was sold much more cheaplythan most others, and was intended for ordinary people to read. However, Orwell pointed out that its proprietor François Coty also owned the rightwing dailies
, which the
Ami de Peuple
was supposedly competing against. Orwell suggested that cheap newspapers were no more thana vehicle for advertising and anti-leftist propaganda, and predicted that like India, France might soonsee'free newspapers'which would drive many legitimate dailies out of business.
The Road to Wigan Pier
: "I worked out an anarchistic theory that allgovernment is evil, that the punishment always does more harm than the crime and the people can betrusted to behave decently if you will only let them alone." He continued, however and argued that "itis always necessary to protect peaceful people from violence. In any state of society where crime can be profitable you have got to have a harsh criminal law and administer it ruthlessly."In his reply (dated 15 November 1943) to an invitation from the Duchess of Athollto speak for the
British League for European Freedom, he stated that he didn't agree with their objectives. He admittedthat what they said was "more truthful than the lying propaganda found in most of the press" but addedthat he could not "associate himself with an essentially Conservative body" that claimed to "defenddemocracy in Europe" but had "nothing to say about British imperialism". His closing paragraphstated: "I belong to the Left and must work inside it, much as I hate Russian totalitarianism and its poisonous influence in this country."
Orwell joined the staff of
as literary editor, and from then until his death, was a left-wing(though hardly orthodox) Labour-supporting democratic socialist.
On 1 September 1944, about theWarsaw's insurrection, Orwell expressed in
his hostility against the influence of the alliancewith the USSR over the allies: "Do remember that dishonesty and cowardice always have to be paidfor. Do not imagine that for years on end you can make yourself the boot-licking propagandist of thesovietic regime, or any other regine, and then suddenly return to honesty and reason. Once a whore,always a whore." According to Newsinger, although Orwell "was always critical of the 1945–51Labour government's moderation, his support for it began to pull him to the right politically. This didnot lead him to embrace conservatism, imperialism or reaction, but to defend, albeit critically, Labour reformism."