AMERICAN SECURITY PROJECT
Why Are Leaders Focused on Installation Energy?
Fixed military installations support the warghter both at home and abroad. Tey are critical to missionpreparedness, training and housing warghters in all services o the military. Military bases are the staging ground or emergency response scenarios such as responding to natural disasters or terrorist attacks. Tey arethe operational bases or many critical national security missions.It is important, thereore, or national security that military bases have assured access to the energy they needto meet their missions. However, military installations are also large consumers o energy. Energy consumed atDoD’s installations accounts or almost 1% o total energy consumption in the United States.
Importantly, the goal o DoD’s energy initiatives is not to separate military bases rom the national grid; it isto increase the resilience o both. Private sector utilities, public power districts, and local cooperatives remaincentral to the military’s missions. Te ability to generate renewable power on base combined with investmentsin a smarter grid can help the resilience o both the military and the civilian national grid.
DoD operates over 500 installations in the U.S. and abroad.
Te DoD operates nearly 300,000 buildings, covering 2.3 billion square eet o space. Tat is threetimes larger than Walmart and six times greater than the General Services Administration (GSA).
Te energy costs or installations or FY2011 are estimated at $4.1 billion, comprising 26% o DoD’soverall energy expenditure.
DoD installations rely on the commercial power grid or 99% o their electricity needs.
Tis is ap-propriate because the military is not a utility.
A disruption o electric power to military bases – whether rom a natural disaster, a physical or cyberattack, or simply a grid malunction – would interere with mission preparedness.
Currently, in the event o a loss o power, installations are dependent upon backup diesel generatorsto ensure steady access to electricity.
On average these installations have only 3-7 days o backup uel,and have not planned or the potential or a long-term loss o power.
How Can the Military Alleviate Tese Treats?
DoD plans to scale up renewable energy and energy storage on bases.
By using distributed generation, bases will be able to “island” – or separate – bases rom the commer-cial power grid in the event o a supply disruption.
As o now, the “microgrids” that will allow this are not widespread, but they will mark a cornerstoneo DoD’s eorts at improving energy security or its installations.