1) Effleurage Technique
This type of massage focuses on the length of the muscles. In particular, the strokesfollow a certain sequence. It starts from the distal to the proximal region of themuscles. Most of the time, the strokes are generally light and gentle.
2) Petrissage Technique
Unlike the effleurage technique, petrissage involves a combination of different strokeslike wringing, kneading, and scooping. Depending on the patient, the therapist canapply deep pressure during a petrissage massage.
3) Deep Transverse Friction Massage (DTFM)
Also commonly known as cross-friction massage, DTFM employs crosswise motionsin order to target a particular muscle in the body.
Why Athletes Need A Massage?
Massage has long been considered as greatly beneficial most especially in terms of
improving blood pressure, psychological readiness, and even “perception of recovery.”
Physical and psychological readiness help an athlete prepare for acompetition. This is the reason why many athletes always perform various types of stretching exercises, mental imagery drills, as well as game simulations. Furthermore, arelaxing massage is also useful in reducing anxieties. Most important is the fact that agood massage prepares the muscles for the intense physical activity during thecompetition. Athletes and sports coaches use massage because of the following reasons:
Many athletes believe that flexibility is a crucial aspect in sportstraining. The primary reason is that flexibility helps reduce risks of majorinjuries during the competition. Moreover, it also enhances the overallperformance. The School of Applied Sciences in the University of Glamorganin United Kingdom conducted a study that also confirms the positive effects of massage on flexibility.
Athletes can also benefit from a massage especially when it comesto their physical performance. This fact is substantiated by another research, which was conducted by Brooks CP. et.al. at ACT College, Alexandria.