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Earthquake Student Perspective Japan

Earthquake Student Perspective Japan

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Earthquake Student Perspective Japan
Earthquake Student Perspective Japan

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Published by: Teachers Without Borders on Jul 23, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/05/2014

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Hi ! This is from Seisho High School in Japan.
Do you know about EARTHQUAKES? Have you ever experienced one?
If you haven’t yet, you have been quitelucky so far. Here, in Japan, we have a lotof earthquakes every year. Most of themare small, but we have big ones once in awhile. In a big earthquake, even heavyfurniture, such as cupboards, refrigerators,wardrobes and TV sets, jumps up and down to attack you. Buildings themselvessometimes fall down. Nearly five thousand people were crushed to death in the GreatHanshin Earthquake in Japan in 1995.Japanese people have been forced to get ready for earthquakes. We, Seisho HighSchool students, studied about
Ways to survive in natural disasters
for some years.Here we will show you some of them
featuring earthquakes
in the form of Questions and Answers.We hope you won’t have a big earthquake, but you should be prepared against it.
What should we do before an earthquake?
You have four important things to do:1. Check where and how your furniture is placed and* clear as much space as possible for your safety.* replace heavy furniture on the floor.* fix heavy furniture firmly to the wall or floor.In addition, you should also take care of such things as* hard things by your bedside
they can injure you in bed at night.* too many things on the veranda
it can be your evacuation route.* a vase on the TV
the water in the vase will pour and cause a shortcircuit, then a fire.2. Check around your house and* repair the stone ( or concrete block ) wall, the gatepost, roof tiles and so on
they can fall on you.* find an evacuation route
imagine that utility poles can fall down, riverbanks break, tunnels break down and so on.
 
3. Have family conferences on earthquakes and* tell the other members where you will be
the name of the evacuationshelter, if possible.* talk about how to contact each other
you can expect a terribleearthquake when you, family members, are separated because of business,school or some other reason.4. Prepare an emergency bag: a bag or backpack which has necessary goods foryour survival in. You can carry it out in an emergency.The list of goods in the bag
 
< necessities > < additional goods >
dry biscuits
 
for your baby
drinking water
powdered milk
flashlight ( battery-powered )
feeding bottle
candles
piggyback sling
matches
disposable diapers
work gloves
baby food
towels
tableware
plastic bags
 
tissues for the nearsighted and farsighted
canned foods
spare contact lens kit
can opener
glasses
scissors
 
tweezers for the old and sick
adhesive bandage
hearing-aid
slings
medicine
cotton
soft food
gauze
 
bandages
 
others
rope
 
sneakers
 
 
powdered milk
feeding bottle
piggyback sling
disposable diapers
baby food
tableware
 for the nearsighted and farsighted
spare contact lens kit
glasses
 for the old and sick
hearing-aid
medicine
soft food
 others
 
 
copies of important documents
 
* The weight of the bag should be less than 15 kg for men.* The bag should be placed near the exit.* You should sometimes check the expiration date of the foods and the freshness of the batteries.
 
 
What should we do when we have an earthquake in the house?
The most important thing is
to protect yourself
, especially your head.
How can we protect ourselves?
You can crawl under the bed, the table, the desk or somethinglike that.Remember to cover your head with a helmet. If you have no helmet at hand, youcan use a cushion, a pillow or your hands.Further Information
 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *When you use your hands for a helmet, you should hold themslightly above your head. They can be a kind of shock absorber. You should have your palms inside. If you injure them, you won’tbe able to use your hands after that.* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *If you are in the bathroom, you are lucky!It’s the safest place in your house. You don’t need to worry too much.
 
 Youopen the door and wait until it stops quaking.If you are cooking,you had better keep away from heated pots and pans and kitchen knives.
 
They can be dangerous.If you are in bed, you are unlucky.It’s dark and you will be half asleep. You’ll get panicked. Anyway, what youhave to do first is to protect yourself, especially your head, again. It would bebetter to always keep a flashlight and your emergency bag by your bedside.If you have children,you have to take care of them first. When they are away from you, just tellthem what to do.

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