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BioOil Char

BioOil Char



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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Jorge Alejandro DelaVega Lozano on May 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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What is BioOil?
BioOil is an alternative fuel made using Dynamotive’s pyrolysis process of biomass. It is a dark brown, free flowing liquid fuel with a smoky odour reminiscent of the plant from which it wasderived. BioOil is formed in a process called pyrolysis wherein plant material (biomass), such assawdust or bagasse from sugar cane, is exposed to 400-500 degrees Celsius in an oxygen freeenvironment.BioOil contains up to 25% water. The water component in BioOil is not a separate phase and isimportant because it lowers the viscosity of the fuel. BioOil is not a hydrocarbon-water mix likeOrimulsion. Another feature of BioOil is its propensity to change slowly over time. This is not tobe considered an instability because it can take months.BioOil is a fossil fuel substitute. It pumps well, ignites, and burns readily when atomized.BioOil has EcoLogo certification, having met stringent environmental criteria for industrial fuelsas measured by Environment Canada’s Environmental Choice Program. The EcoLogo signifiesthat the manufacturing process of the product has been audited by a credible third party, andsupported by empirical data on combustion tests conducted by both the company and authorizedthird parties.BioOil should be handled in a similar manner as conventional fuels. Direct contact with skin, aswell as inhalation of its vapours should be avoided. Although not as readily flammable asconventional fuels, pyrolysis fuels should always be kept away from open flame or other heatsources. For further information, please see the material safety data sheet at the end of thisdocument.
BioOil properties and how they compare with conventional fuels
Table 1: Comparison of fuel properties – wood based pyrolysis fuelParameterUnitAnalyticalmethodsBioOil PlusBioOilHeatingoil #2Heavy fuel oilHigh HeatingValueMJ/kgDIN5190018-2016-1945.542.5High HeatingValueMJ/LDIN5190023-2519-2339.441.7Flash PointoCASTM D9350-6048-553860Pour PointoCASTM D97-11-15-6-Density (15oC)Kg/literASTMD40521.22- meter2-32-3--Solids (char)wt %Insolubles inEthanol20-230.01-0.2--Moisturewt%Karl Fisher20-2520-25-< 0.5Ashwt %ASTM D482<1<0.02Trace0.08KinematicViscosity cStASTM D445----20°C--1500-3700703-62000-900040°C--300-500191.8-3.5500-100060°C--140-25081.4-2.5100-20080°C--70-9041.1-1.840-70
Table 2: Ultimate Analysis of different fuels (% by wt)BioOilBioOil PlusCharHeatingoil #2Heavy fueloilAsh < 0.02<1< 8< 0.010.02-0.08Carbon 42-4745-5175-7886.485.7Hydrogen 6-85-63-412.710.5Nitrogen < 0.1< 0.3 < 0.30.0060.18Sulfur < 0.02< 0.06-0.2-0.7< 2.8Oxygen(by difference)46-5143-497-140.040.38
BioOil Applications
BioOil’s potential use as a fossil fuel replacement is already well established. Customers for BioOilcan include local, regional and national electrical utilities and power producers operating withpartial or complete fuel substitution depending on scale and application. The opportunities forindustrial applications are too numerous to list but some immediate applications in primary industry are kilns and boilers in pulp and paper, process heat in boilers in sawmills, metallurgy,oil and gas industries, as well as in secondary industries such as greenhouses, district heating andstationary engines.Pyrolysis fuels have a very complex chemical composition, containing a multitude of differentcompounds. The specialty applications of these compounds in industrial processes andmanufacturing are just beginning to be explored. They represent a potentially very large marketfor value-added products derived from BioOil.

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