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3625f-High Efficiency 2-Cell Supercap Charger

3625f-High Efficiency 2-Cell Supercap Charger

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Published by nevdull
3625f-High Efficiency 2-Cell Supercap Charger
3625f-High Efficiency 2-Cell Supercap Charger

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Published by: nevdull on Jul 23, 2013
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LTC3625/LTC3625-1
3625f
Typical applicaTionFeaTures DescripTion
1A High Efciency 2-CellSupercapacitor Chargerwith Automatic CellBalancing
The LTC
®
3625/LTC3625-1 are programmable supercapaci-tor chargers designed to charge two supercapacitors inseries to a xed output voltage (4.8V/5.3V or 4V/4.5Vselectable) rom a 2.7V to 5.5V input supply. Automaticcell balancing prevents overvoltage damage to eithersupercapacitor while maximizing charge rate. No balancingresistors are required.High eciency, high charging current, low quiescent cur-rent and low minimum external parts count (one inductor,one bypass capacitor at V
IN
and one programming resistor)make the LTC3625/LTC3625-1 ideally suited or small ormactor backup or high peak power systems.Charging current/maximum input current level is pro-grammed with an external resistor. When the input supply isremoved and/or the EN pin is low, the LTC3625/LTC3625-1automatically enter a low current state, drawing less than1µA rom the supercapacitors.
The LTC3625/LTC3625-1 are available in a compact12-lead 3mm
×
4mm
×
0.75mm DFN package.
1A SCAP Charger
applicaTions
n
 
High Efciency Step-Up/Step-Down Charging o TwoSeries Supercapacitors
n
Automatic Cell Balancing Prevents CapacitorOvervoltage During Charging
n
Programmable Charging Current Up to 500mA(Single Inductor), 1A (Dual Inductor)
n
V
IN
= 2.7V to 5.5V
n
Selectable 2.4V/2.65V Regulation per Cell (LTC3625)
n
Selectable 2V/2.25V Regulation per Cell (LTC3625-1)
n
Low No-Load Quiescent Current: 23µA
n
I
VOUT
, I
VIN
< 1µA in Shutdown
n
 
Low Prole 12-lead 3mm
×
4mm DFN Package
n
Servers, RAID Systems, Mass Storage, High CurrentBackup Supplies
n
Solid State Hard Drives
n
Wireless Power Meters
n
High Peak Power Boosted Supplies
L
, LT, LTC, LTM, Linear Technology and the Linear logo are registered trademarks andThinSOT is a trademark o Linear Technology Corporation. All other trademarks are the propertyo their respective owners.
Charging Two 2:1 Mismatched Supercapacitors
TIME (SECONDS)0
    V    O    L    T    A    G    E    (    V    )
2461354080120160
3625 TA01b
20020060100140180V
OUT
V
MID
C
TOP
= 50FC
BOT
= 100FR
PROG
= 61.9kCTL = 0V
SEL
= 0
V
OUT
SW1SW2V
MID
PGOOD
PFO
LTC36253.3µHC
TOP
≥ 0.1FC
BOT
≥ 0.1FV
OUT
4.8V
3625 TA01a
10µFV
IN
2.7V TO 5.5VV
IN
PROG61.9kPFIENCTLV
SEL
3.3µH
 
LTC3625/LTC3625-1
3625f
pin conFiguraTionabsoluTe MaxiMuM raTings
V
IN
, V
OUT
(Transient) t < 1ms,Duty Cycle < 1% ..........................................–0.3V to 7VV
IN
, V
OUT
, V
MID
, PGOOD,CTL, PROG, PFI,
PFO
...................................–0.3V to 6VEN, V
SEL
...........................................–0.3V to V
IN
+ 0.3VV
OUT
Short-Circuit Duration .............................IndeniteI
PGOOD
, I
PFO
 ............................................................50mAI
PROG
........................................................................1mAI
VIN
, I
SW1
, I
SW2
, I
VOUT
(Note 2) ...................................3AOperating Junction Temperature Range(Notes 3, 4) ............................................–40°C to 125°CStorage Temperature Range ..................–65°C to 125°C
(Note 1)
121110987123456SW2V
OUT
V
MID
PGOOD
PFO
PFISW1V
IN
CTLV
SEL
ENPROGTOP VIEW13GNDDE PACKAGE12-LEAD (4mm
s
3mm) PLASTIC DFN
 T
JMAX
= 125°C,
θ
JA
= 43°C/WEXPOSED PAD (PIN 13) IS GND, MUST BE SOLDERED TO PCB
orDer inForMaTion
LEAD FREE FINISHTAPE AND REELPART MARKING*PACKAGE DESCRIPTIONTEMPERATURE RANGE
LTC3625EDE#PBFLTC3625EDE#TRPBF362512-Lead (4mm
×
3mm) Plastic DFN–40°C to 125°CLTC3625EDE-1#PBFLTC3625EDE-1#TRPBF3625112-Lead (4mm
×
3mm) Plastic DFN–40°C to 125°CLTC3625IDE#PBFLTC3625IDE#TRPBF362512-Lead (4mm
×
3mm) Plastic DFN–40°C to 125°CLTC3625IDE-1#PBFLTC3625IDE-1#TRPBF3625112-Lead (4mm
×
3mm) Plastic DFN–40°C to 125°CConsult LTC Marketing or parts specied with wider operating temperature ranges. *The temperature grade is identied by a label on the shipping container.Consult LTC Marketing or inormation on non-standard lead based nish parts.For more inormation on lead ree part marking, go to:http://www.linear.com/leadree/  For more inormation on tape and reel specications, go to:http://www.linear.com/tapeandreel/ 
elecTrical characTerisTics
The
l
denotes the specifcations which apply over the ull operatingjunction temperature range, otherwise specifcations are at T
A
= 25°C. V
IN
= 3.6V, R
PROG
= 143k, unless otherwise specifed.
SYMBOLPARAMETERCONDITIONSMINTYPMAXUNITS
V
IN
Input Voltage Range
l
V
IN(UVLO)
5.5VV
IN(UVLO)
Input Undervoltage Lockout(V
IN
Rising)V
SEL
= V
IN
(LTC3625)V
SEL
= 0V (LTC3625)V
SEL
= 0V or V
IN
(LTC3625-1)
lll
2.82.532.532.92.632.633.02.732.73VVVInput UVLO Hysteresis100mVV
OUT(SLEEP)
Charger Termination Voltage V
SEL
= V
IN
(LTC3625)V
SEL
= 0V (LTC3625)V
SEL
= V
IN
(LTC3625-1)V
SEL
= 0V (LTC3625-1)
llll
5.24.74.43.95.34.84.54.05.44.94.64.1VVVVRecharge HysteresisBelow V
OUT(SLEEP)
135mVV
TOP
,
 
V
BOT
Maximum Voltage Across Either othe Supercapacitors Ater ChargingV
SEL
= V
IN
, V
OUT
= 5.3V (LTC3625)V
SEL
= 0V, V
OUT
= 4.8V (LTC3625)V
SEL
= V
IN
, V
OUT
= 4.5V (LTC3625-1)V
SEL
= 0V, V
OUT
= 4V (LTC3625-1)
llll
2.72.452.32.052.752.52.352.1VVVVMaximum Supercapacitor OsetAter ChargingCTL = 0VCTL = V
IN
10050180120mVmV
 
LTC3625/LTC3625-1
3625f
elecTrical characTerisTics
The
l
denotes the specifcations which apply over the ull operatingjunction temperature range, otherwise specifcations are at T
A
= 25°C. V
IN
= 3.6V, R
PROG
= 143k, unless otherwise specifed.
SYMBOLPARAMETERCONDITIONSMINTYPMAXUNITS
I
VIN
Input Operating Current,I
SW1
= I
SW2
= 0µA, No SwitchingCTL = V
IN
, V
MID
= 1.5V, V
OUT
= 2.5V (Boost Only)CTL = V
IN
, V
MID
= 1.5V, V
OUT
= 3.5V (Buck Only)CTL = 0, V
MID
= 1.5V, V
OUT
= 2.5V (Buck and Boost)135275365200400530µAµAµAInput Sleep CurrentV
IN
= 5.5V, V
OUT
= 5.4VV
IN
= 3.6V, V
OUT
= 5.4V2383515µAµAInput SD CurrentV
OUT
= 0V01µAI
VOUT
V
OUT
SD CurrentV
OUT
= 5.4V01µAV
OUT
Sleep CurrentV
OUT
= 5.4V, V
IN
= 3.6V, EN = V
IN
 V
OUT
= 5.4V, V
IN
= 5.5V, EN = V
IN
171252.5µAµAV
PROG
PROG Servo VoltageV
OUT
= 3.5V, V
MID
= 1.5V
l
1.171.21.23Vh
PROG
Ratio o Measured I
PROG
Current toI
BUCK
Programmed Current118,000I
BUCK
Programmed Buck Charge CurrentR
PROG
= 143k (Note 5)R
PROG
= 71.5k (Note 5)0.881.760.991.981.102.20AAI
MAX
Maximum Programmed ChargeCurrentR
PROG
= 0Ω (Fault Condition) (Note 5)1.982.653.31AV
MID(GOOD)
V
MID
Voltage Where the BoostRegulator is Enabled1.35VV
MID(GOOD)
Hysteresis150mVV
TRICKLE
V
OUT
Voltage Above Which BoostRegulator Will Exit Trickle ChargeMode and Enter Normal ChargeModeV
OUT
RisingV
MID
VV
TRICKLE
Falling Hysteresis50mVI
PEAK(BUCK)
Buck Charge Current Peak1.1 I
BUCK
AI
VALLEY(BUCK)
Buck Charge Current Valley 0.9 I
BUCK
AI
PEAK(BOOST)
Boost Charge Current PeakV
OUT
= 3V, V
MID
= 2V (Note 5)V
OUT
= 1V, V
MID
= 2V (Note 5)1.592.122002.65AmAI
VALLEY(BOOST)
Boost Charge Current ValleyV
OUT
= 3V, V
MID
= 2VV
OUT
= 1V, V
MID
= 2V1.411.8802.35AmAMaximum Boost Valley TimeV
OUT
= 1V, V
MID
= 2V6.5µsR
PMOS
PMOS On-Resistance120mΩR
NMOS
NMOS On-Resistance100mΩI
LEAK
SW Pin Leakage Current or SW1,SW2EN = 0V1µAV
PFI
PFI Falling Threshold
l
1.171.21.23VPFI Hysteresis15mVI
PFI
Pin Leakage Current or PFI Pin030nA
Logic (EN, CTL, V
SEL
, PGOOD,
PFO
)
V
IL
Input Low Logic VoltageEN, CTL, V
SEL
Pins
l
0.4VV
IH
Input High Logic VoltageEN, CTL, V
SEL
Pins
l
1.2VI
IL
, I
IH
Input Low, High Current or CTLCTL1µAR
PD
EN Pin Pull-Down Resistance4.5MΩV
SEL
Pin Pull-Down ResistanceEN = V
IN
4.5MΩV
OL
Output Low Logic VoltagePGOOD,
PFO
Pins; Sinking 5mA
l
70200mVI
OH
Logic High Leakage CurrentPGOOD,
PFO
Pins; Pin Voltage = 5V1µAPGOOD Rising ThresholdV
OUT
as a Percentage oFinal Target9092.595%PGOOD Hysteresis
V
OUT
as a Percentage o Final Target3%

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